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2014 Buddhist Holidays Vajrayana, Mahayana & Hinayana Buddhism: Tibetan, Pure Land, Zen & Theravada dates

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 1/1: World Peace Day--Day to meditate for peace throughout the world. Universal Hour of Peace: 7:00-8:00 a.m. EST.]

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See Shakyamuni Mantra) a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]

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  • 1/10: Day North Korea (D.P.R.K.) withdrew from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (2003).
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  • 1/12: Day genocide was outlawed world-wide (1951); day to mourn all victims of genocide. [Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide: signed/adopted 12/9/1948; entered into force 1/12/1951.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should condemn all past genocides and, to prevent future genocides, should demand an end to persecution on account of any nationality, ethnicity, "race" or religion.]
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See Amitabha Mantra) [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day

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day to unite will and power to manifest positive social change and environmental healing. [Observed primarily by Tantric initiates.] [a/k/a Dakini Puja, Mother Tantra Puja, Tsog, Tsok) [25th Tibetan day

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See Amitabha Mantra) [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day

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See Shakyamuni Mantra a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day]


a/k/a Sojong Chemno


  • 3/1: Day the production and use of landmines was outlawed world-wide (1999); day to mourn their victims. [Protocol on Prohibition or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps, and Other Devices a/k/a Convention on Landmines a/k/a Mine Ban Treaty, amending the 1980 Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects: Treaty signed/adopted 10/10/1980; entered into force 12/2/1983; Protocol signed 12/3/1997; entered into force 3/1/1999.] (Burma is still manufacturing and laying landmines. China, North Korea, Vietnam, and Singapore may still be manufacturing landmines. China, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, and the U.S. have not ratified the Protocol.] [Landmines maim and kill civilians, including children. Those that survive endure a lifetime of hardship.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should renounce the production and use of landmines, and should demand removal and destruction of all existing landmines.]



Ends on Chotrul Duchen.


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See Green Tara Mantra) [8th Tibetan day]



See Amitabha Mantra) [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day





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See Shakyamuni Mantra a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day




See Avalokitesvara Mantra and Green Tara Mantra a/k/a Tara Puja [8th Tibetan day





See Amitabha Mantra) [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day

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  • 4/22: Day the world's nations guaranteed asylum to those persecuted in their homelands on account of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group (1954). Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees: signed 7/28/1951; entered into force 4/22/1954.]




See Shakyamuni Mantra [a/k/a Siddhartha Buddha Day] [30th Tibetan day, UT New Moon day




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See Green Tara Mantra) [8th Tibetan day]


  • 5/9: Day the world's nations committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which are causing climate change (1992); day to mourn the failure to reduce these emissions. [Due to these emissions, the planet has already started to experience the impacts of climate change: increased extremes of summer dryness (heat waves, droughts, and wildfires) and winter wetness (flooding); an increase in extreme weather (hurricanes and tornados); an increase of sea level (loss of coastline and loss of fresh water); a decrease in glaciers and polar ice caps; an increase in volcanic eruptions and earthquakes; loss of human habitat; loss of food availability (increase in food costs); and loss of plant and animal species (on land, in the oceans, and on the ice caps).] [Framework Convention on Climate Change: adopted 5/9/1992; signed 6/4/1992; entered into force 3/21/1994.] [The Kyoto Protocol, which includes mandatory reduction goals, was adopted by 180 nations 12/11/1997, signed 3/16/1998, and entered into force 2/16/2005.] [The U.S. has refused to ratify the Protocol. Total U.S. emissions have increased by 11% from 1990 to 2010. They have been increasing at an average annual rate of .5%. The U.S. is the biggest polluter on the planet. 25% of the planet's carbon dioxide emissions is emitted by the U.S.) [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should demand universal observance of practices that effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions.]



See Amitabha Mantra) [15th Tibetan day, 15th Chinese day, UT Full Moon day


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  • 6/8: World Oceans Day--Day to recognize the world's dependence on the oceans for food and medicine; day to advocate for the sustainable management of all ocean resources and for an end to the pollution of the oceans with toxins and trash. [[[Wikipedia:Fish|Fish]] stocks have collapsed in almost one-third of all ocean fisheries. The rate of decline is accelerating and total loss of fisheries could occur by mid-century. Fishery decline is caused by overfishing the stock, the loss of marine biodiversity associated with the stock, pollution, and climate change. Establishing core protected areas for each surviving stock and preventing the stock from being fished above the maximum sustainable yield are crucial for its survival.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should demand an end to pollution of the oceans, and should demand universal observance of sustainable management practices of ocean fisheries.]
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  • 6/26: Day torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment were outlawed world-wide (1987); day to mourn their continued existence. [Torture is an illegal, immoral, and ineffective means of interrogation and punishment. All officials have a legal duty and a moral obligation to refuse an order to commit torture and to prevent it from occurring. Anyone who attempts, conspires, or commits torture is legally culpable. All acts of torture should be investigated, prosecuted, and punished. Neither war nor civil strife nor emergency justifies torture.] [Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment: adopted 12/10/1984; signed 2/4/1985; entered into force 6/26/1987.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should condemn torture, and should demand an end to the use of torture - of anyone for any purpose.] [a/k/a International Day in Support of Victims of Torture]



  • 7/1: Day the world's nations committed to stop proliferation of nuclear weapons (1968); vigil to protest the production and use of all nuclear weapons world-wide. [Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: signed 7/1/1968; entered into force 3/5/1970.] [The U.S. used 2 atomic bombs on Japan in 8/1945: over 270,000 civilians died from the bombs and radiation. The original nuclear powers (including the U.S. and China) have failed to destroy their nuclear weapons in spite of the Treaty's requirement that they work towards disarmament. North Korea has developed nuclear weapons in spite of the Treaty's prohibition. 9 countries are known to currently possess nuclear weapons, and other countries are attempting to develop or acquire them.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should renounce the production, acquisition, and use of nuclear weapons, and should demand destruction of all existing weapons.]


  • 7/1: Day endangered species became internationally protected (1975); day to celebrate all the world's creatures. [Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora a/k/a C.I.T.E.S.: signed/adopted 3/3/1973; entered into force 7/1/1975.]
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  • 7/2: Day discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, gender, and religion was prohibited in public accommodations, employment, and education (1964). [The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson.] [Pub. L. 88-352, 78 Stat. 241, 42 U.S.C. 2000a et seq.]









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  • 8/1: Day the production and use of cluster munitions was outlawed world-wide (2010); day to mourn their victims. [The Convention on Cluster Munitions a/k/a C.C.M.: Treaty adopted 5/30/2008, signed 12/3/2008; entered into force 8/1/2010.] [The treaty was opposed by countries that produce or stockpile significant quantities of cluster munitions, including the U.S. and China.] [Cluster bombs disperse smaller bomblets over a wide area. They are inherently inaccurate, making civilian casualties more likely. Unexploded cluster bombs remain a life-threatening hazard for civilians long after conflict ends.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should renounce the production and use of cluster munitions, and should demand removal and destruction of all existing cluster munitions.]






  • 8/8: Vigil for continuing progress in Burma's democratic evolution and respect for human rights. [On 8/8/1988, a pro-democracy demonstration opposing the authoritarian military government was attacked by government troops.] (Burma (a/k/a Myanmar) became independent in 1948. However, a military ruler dominated Burma from 1962 to 1988, and a military junta took control in 1988. Despite her National League for Democracy Party being elected in 1990, Aung San Suu Kyi was never allowed to serve in office. Instead, she was held under house arrest for almost 15 years. And for 20 years, the military junta suppressed democratic efforts and violated human rights. However, since 2008, the military junta has been making efforts towards reform. In 2010, the first elections since 1990 were held. Though that election was not considered to be free and fair, the military-supported civilian government that was elected has been instituting reforms.]
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  • 9/3: Day gender discrimination was outlawed world-wide (1981); day to mourn all manifestations of sexism. [Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: adopted by U.N. General Assembly 12/18/1979; signed 3/1/1980; entered into force 9/3/1981.]





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  • 9/21: International Day of Peace--Day to demonstrate for peace with justice throughout the world. (Peace can be realized where there is recognition of sovereignty/autonomy, compliance with just law, respectful behavior, responsible sharing of resources, cooperation to attain common goals, and reasonable compromise to enable all to meet lawful goals.]









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  • 10/18: Day the Clean Water Act was enacted (1972); day to give thanks for the water we drink. [Pub. L. 92-500, 86 Stat. 896, 10/18/1972: 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.]


  • 10/21: Day military attacks on civilians were outlawed world-wide (1950); day to mourn all civilian victims of war. [All soldiers have a legal duty and a moral obligation to refuse an order to attack a noncombatant. Anyone who plans, orders, or carries out such an act is legally culpable. All attacks on noncombatants should be investigated, prosecuted, and punished.] [Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War a/k/a Fourth Geneva Convention: signed 8/12/1949; entered into force 10/21/1950.] [In the name of the Buddha, and for love of the Buddha, Buddhists should condemn all attacks on noncombatants, and should demand an end to them.]







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  • 11/16: Tolerance Day--Day to promote harmony in diversity through mutual respect and understanding of all, regardless of gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, religion, culture, language, nationality, or economic status. [Despite international and domestic laws providing for equal rights, freedoms, and protections, members of minority groups are still harassed and discriminated against because of societal intolerance arising from fear and ignorance.] [Intolerance often results from projection of "collective guilt": it is immoral to blame an entire group for the acts of a member unless the entire group empowered the member who acted or endorsed the acts.] [a/k/a International Day for Tolerance)



  • 11/20: Fast for an Abundant World Harvest--Day to fast and commit to action to help prevent deaths from malnourishment world-wide. [a/k/a Fast for a World Harvest]



  • 11/27: Thanksgiving Day--Day to give thanks for the abundance of our land and for our food, clothes, shelter, and health.





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  • 12/15: Day the Bill of Rights became part of the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing fundamental rights to all (1791). [a/k/a Bill of Rights Day]



  • 12/17: Day the Clean Air Act was enacted (1963); day to give thanks for the air we breathe. [Pub. L. 88-206, 77 Stat. 392, 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.]
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  • 12/26: Day to mourn all those killed in the Asian tsunami (2004) and to aid those who survived.


  • 12/28: Day the Endangered Species Act was enacted (1973); day to mourn those creatures already extinct. [Pub. L. 93-205, 87 Stat. 884, 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.]



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(Buddhism is a religion founded in India by Buddha Siddhartha Gautama (also called Shakyamuni), following his attainment of enlightenment in 528 BCE. Buddhist denominations include Theravada Buddhism (also called Hinayana Buddhism), Mahayana Buddhism (which includes Zen Buddhism and Pure Land Buddhism), and Vajrayana Buddhism (also called Tibetan Buddhism and Tantric Buddhism). Beliefs, ritual practice, and holidays vary among the various Buddhist denominations. The holy scripture of Theravada Buddhism is the Pali Canon: Vinaya Pitaka (Book of Discipline), Sutta Pitaka (Book of Buddha's Discourses), and Abhidhamma Pitaka (Book of Higher Philosophy). The holy scripture of Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhism also include: the Heart Sutra, the Wisdom Sutra, the Lotus Sutra, and the Diamond Sutra. Buddhists take refuge in the Buddha, the Dharma (Buddhist teachings), and the Sangha (Buddhist community). They believe in the Four Noble Truths, and follow the Eightfold Path and the Five Precepts of Morality. Buddhists recognize that all Buddhas and Bodhisattvas constitute the ultimate Adi-Buddha. Engaged Buddhism embraces social and environmental activism as well as disarmament and World Peace.]

[There is no one Buddhist calendar. Theravada Buddhist holidays (with roots in Sri Lanka and Thailand) are based on a Theravada lunisolar calendar. Holidays are calculated based on Universal Time. Zen Buddhist holidays (with roots in Japan) are based on the Japanese (Gregorian) calendar and have fixed dates. Chinese Mahayana Buddhist holidays (Pure Land Buddhist holidays) are based on the Chinese lunisolar calendar and calculated from the Chinese New Year. The Chinese month begins on the day of the New Moon in China. Vajrayana Buddhist holidays (commonly called Tibetan Buddhist holidays or Tantric Buddhist holidays) are based on the unique Tibetan lunisolar calendar. The Tibetan New Year begins just after, or a month following, the Chinese New Year; the Tibetan month begins the day following the New Moon. Pursuant to prevailing practice, Tibetan Buddhist holidays are calculated based on Universal time. Those who wish to practice according to local time may need to make adjustments. Due to the necessity of "missing days" in the Tibetan calendar, some holidays (e.g. Tara Pujas, Dakas' Days, and Dakinis' Days) may be celebrated one day earlier/later on the Gregorian calendar than the date given. Though some Tibetan Buddhist holidays occur annually, many occur fortnightly or monthly.]

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