The 7th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
will be held on 1-3 February, 2018 in Perth, Western Australia.

Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
Some of the Buddhist Illustrations created by Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
FREE for everyone to use

We would also appreciate your feedback on Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia. Please write feedback here
Here you can read media articles about the Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia which have been published all over the world.

Articles by alphabetic order
 Ā Ī Ñ Ś Ū Ö Ō
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0


From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
(Redirected from A skill perfected)
Jump to: navigation, search
Please consider making little donation to help us expand the encyclopedia    Donate Paypal-logo.jpg    Enjoy your readings here and have a wonderful day  

0511myanmar agre nuns.jpg
Mara Daughters.JPG
Goddess ganga.jpg
Ing art 00.jpg

Siddhi (Devanagari सिद्धि; IAST: siddhi; Tibetan: དངོས་གྲུབ, Wylie: dngos grub) is a Sanskrit noun that can be translated as "perfection", "accomplishment", "attainment", or "success".

The term is first attested in the Mahabharata.

In the Pancatantra, a siddhi may be any unusual skill or faculty or capability.

As a term in the Manusmriti, it refers to the settlement of a debt.

Siddhi is produced by sadhana.

The former term, which literally means "success," includes accomplishment, achievement, success, and fruition of all kinds.

A person may thus gain siddhi in speech, siddhi in Mantra, etc.

A person is Siddha also who has perfected his spiritual development.

The various powers attainable – namely,

the powers of becoming small, great, Light, heavy, attaining what one wills, and the like – are known as the eight siddhi.

The thirty-ninth chapter of the Brahmavaivarta Purana mentions eighteen kinds, but there are many others, including such minor accomplishments as nakhadarpana siddhi or "nail-gazing."

The great siddhi is spiritual perfection.

Even the mighty powers of the "eight siddhi" are known as the "lesser siddhi," since the greatest of all siddhi is full Liberation (mahanirvana) from the bonds of phenomenal Life and union with the Paramatma, which is the supreme object (paramartha) to be attained through human birth.

[[File:Siddhielix.jpg|thumb|250px|Magical accomplishment siddhi nectar elixir transmission.

The Dalai Lama's Secret Temple, Tantric Wall Paintings from Tibet, Ian Baker, Thomas Laird.

In the Samkhya Karika and Tattva Samasa, it refers to the attainment of eight Siddhis that make one become rid of pain-causing Ignorance, to gain Knowledge, and experience bliss.

In Tantric Buddhism, it specifically refers to the acquisition of supernatural powers by psychic or magical means or the supposed faculty so acquired.

These powers include items such as clairvoyance, levitation, bilocation, becoming as small as an atom, materialization, having access to memories from past lives, etc.

The term is also used in this sense in the Sarva-darśana-saṃgraha of Madhvacharya (1238–1317).

In Patanjali's Yoga Sutras IV.1 it is stated (rendered in IAST):

janma auṣadhi Mantra tapaḥ samādhijāḥ siddhayaḥ

where janma ("birth"), auṣadhi ("medicinal plant, herb, drug, Incense, elixir"), Mantra ("incantation, charm, spell"), tapaḥ ("heat, burning, shining, as ascetic devotional practice,

burning desire to reach perfection, that which burns all impurities"), Samādhi ("profound Meditation, total absorption"), jāḥ ("born") and siddhayaḥ ("perfections,

accomplishments, fulfillment's, attainments") are rendered in English by Iyengar (1966, 2002: p. 246) thus:

Accomplishments may be attained through birth, the use of herbs, incantations, self-discipline or Samadhi.

Five Siddhis of Yoga and Meditation

In the Bhagavata purana, the five Siddhis of Yoga and Meditation are described as below:

== Eight primary Siddhis ==

Ganesha with the ashta (eight) siddhis.

The Ashtasiddhi are shown as attendants of Ganesha. Painting by Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906).

There is the concept of the Ashta Siddhi (eight Siddhis) in Hinduism.

These are:

The eight Siddhis hinted at by Kapila in his Sutra - अष्टधा सिद्धिः ||१५|| - are as explained in Verse 51 of Samkhyakarika :-

the attainment of which eight Siddhis makes one become rid of pain-causing Ignorance through gain of Knowledge, and experience bliss.

The aim of Samkhya is to eliminate all kinds of physical and Mental pains and to receive Liberation.

Ten secondary Siddhis

In the Bhagavata purana, Lord Krishna describes the ten secondary Siddhis as:

Hindu gods associated with gaining siddhi

In Hinduism, both Ganesha and Hanuman possess the eight supernatural powers (ashtamahasiddhis) and can give one access to Ashta Siddhis.

Skt., siddhi: accomplishment, a skill perfected Tib., dngos-grub: accomplishment, ability of perfection

Term for a type of spiritual and/or mental accomplishment that we can best approximate with modern expressions such as ESP (Extra Sensory Perception) and/or with Colin Wilson's (b. 1931) Faculty X. Phrases such as mystical power, paranormal potential and magical skill are also often used to cover these phenomena.

Vajrayana texts speak of eight types of siddhi only, but one can find a much more detailed classification in the Hindu Tantras, where 84 are recognized. Among these, several phenomena can be found which correspond to those charted by contemporary para-psychology, for example psychokinesis, telekinesis and the astral 'double'.

All of these, of course, we also find when studying shamanism - and there is little doubt that Tibetan Buddhism has been very much influenced by that ancient, ‘magic’ oriented religion. The following list shows the Sanskrit names for some of the better known siddhis.

The term siddhi is also at the root of the title for the 84 Greatly Accomplished Ones (Skt., Mahasiddhas), each of whom had achieved one of more of these 'perfections'.

See also