The 7th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
Lamrim Authors’ Biographies
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Lama Atisha Dipamkara (982–1054)
He was ordained at the age of 29 and became a great scholar and practitioner of sutra and tantra receiving both Nagarjuna’s wisdom lineage and Asanga’s method lineage which he unified and would later bring to Tibet.
In search of a Guru to teach him about bodhicitta he journeyed to Indonesia for 13 months in a boat, remaining there for twelve years studying the Perfection of Wisdom sutras and Shantideva’s lineage of bodhicitta with Master Serlingpa, whom he said was the kindest of all his many teachers.
Around 1040, he was invited to Tibet, where he spent at least 13 years helping to revitalize the Buddhist tradition, and where he wrote his text Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment which became the model for all subsequent Lamrim texts.
Atisha entrusted this Lamrim lineage to his closest disciple, the Tibetan layman Dromtonpa who established Reting Monastery. Compiled from: Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand by Pabongka Rinpoche / Trijang Rinpoche, translated by Michael Richards, Wisdom Publications;
The Path to Enlightenment by His Holiness the Fourteenth Dalai Lama, translated by Glen Mullin, Snow Lion/Shambhala Publications; and “Alexander Gardner, Atisha Dīpaṃkara,” Treasury of Lives, accessed May 11, 2012.
Je Tsong Khapa, Lobsang Drakpa (1357–1419)
At age 24 he received full ordination, and at age 37 he went with eight of his greatest students to the region of Olkar where he spent many years in retreat, teaching and debating on the meaning of the sutras and tantras, which resulted in a deep understanding of Nagarjuna’s Madhyamaka view.
A Glossary of Successive Tibetan Scholars published in Tibet; The Biographies of the Lineage Lamas of Lamrim compiled by Yongdzin Yeshe Gyaltsen; (all above sections translated by Simon Houlton, 2012); Joona Repo, “Tsongkhapa Lobzang Drakpa,” Treasury of Lives, accessed May 04, 2012.
Ngawang Drakpa of Dagpo (15th century)
A Glossary of Successive Tibetan Scholars published in Tibet; The Biographies of the Lineage Lamas of Lamrim compiled by Yongdzin Yeshe Gyaltsen; (all above sections translated by Simon Houlton, 2012); The Dagpo Educational Fund; Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center.
His Holiness the Third Dalai Lama, Sonam Gyatso (1543–1588)
He was the first in the line of incarnations to be given this title of “Dalai Lama”, which literally means Ocean of Wisdom, and he was instrumental in what is known as “the second conversion of the Mongols”, which spread the Gelug teachings throughout the region.
His Holiness the Third Dalai Lama served as the abbot of Drepung Monastery and Sera Monastery, and founded several important Gelug monasteries, including Kumbum Monastery (in Je Tsong Khapa’s birthplace), Litang Ganden Tubchen Chokorling in Kham, and Namgyal Monastery which remains to this day the Dalai Lama’s personal monastery, assisting him in his various religious activities.
A Glossary of Successive Tibetan Scholars published in Tibet; The Biographies of the Lineage Lamas of Lamrim compiled by Yongdzin Yeshe Gyaltsen; (all above sections translated by Simon Houlton, 2012); www.dalailama.com; Miranda Adams, “The Third Dalai Lama, Sonam Gyatso,” Treasury of Lives, accessed May 02, 2012.
Panchen Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen (1570–1662)
Panchen Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen was born in a district of Tsang in central Tibet. He was recognized at the age of 5 as the reincarnation of Ensapa Lobsang Dondrup and received monastic ordination at 13.
He helped institute the Geshe Lharampa degree system, and was a teacher to many important Tibetan, Bhutanese and Mongolian political and religious figures including the First Jetsun Dampa of Mongolia.
Though he was the first to receive this title, he is sometimes considered the Fourth Panchen, counting three previous incarnations, beginning with Khedrub Je, one of Je Tsong Khapa’s closest disciples.
A Glossary of Successive Tibetan Scholars published in Tibet; The Biographies of the Lineage Lamas of Lamrim compiled by Yongdzin Yeshe Gyaltsen; (all above sections translated by Simon Houlton, 2012); Alexander Gardner, “The First Paṇchen Lama, Lobzang Chokyi Gyeltsen,” Treasury of Lives, accessed May 02, 2012.
His Holiness the Fifth Dalai Lama, Lobsang Gyatso (1617–1682)
His Holiness the Fifth Dalai Lama, Lobsang Gyatso, was born in the Lhoka region of Tibet and recognized at the age of 6 as the reincarnation of H.H. the Fourth Dalai Lama by Panchen Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen.
He is remembered amongst all Tibetan Buddhist traditions as “The Great Fifth” and is renowned as a brilliant scholar and writer who authored 26 volumes of commentaries, Tantric ritual manuals, histories, and biographies, as well as being an accomplished meditator, medical doctor and poet. Desi Sangye Gyatso and Jamyang Shepa were amongst his most famous students.
a taxation system to support education, medical care and environmental projects; a population census; map surveys; and the building of the world-famous seat of all future Dalai Lamas, the Potala Palace.
A Glossary of Successive Tibetan Scholars published in Tibet; The Biographies of the Lineage Lamas of Lamrim compiled by Yongdzin Yeshe Gyaltsen; (all above sections translated by Simon Houlton, 2012); www.dalailama.com and “The Fourteen Dalai Lamas: A Sacred Legacy of Reincarnation” by Glen Mullin, Jaico Publishing House.
This text is a series of annotated notes on a shortened version of The Sacred Words of Manjushri by H.H. the Fifth Dalai Lama himself, who marked certain passages of the main text for compiling as a separate concise text.
Je Gendun Jamyang was encouraged to write this annotated text of The Southern Lineage and then passed the lineage on to his disciple Je Ngawang Tutob, who in turn passed in on to Tenpa Gyatso, Abbot of Dagpo college.
Compiled from: A Brief History of Dagpo Monastery (this section translated by Simon Houlton, 2012) and Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand by Pabongka Rinpoche, edited by Trijang Rinpoche and translated by Michael Richards, Wisdom Publications.
Panchen Lobsang Yeshe (1663–1737)
He later gave novice vows and was a teacher to H.H. the Sixth and Seventh Dalai Lamas and had many other well-known disciples including Yongling Yeshe Gyaltsen and Jangkya Rinpoche Yeshe Tenpai Dronmey.
At the age of fifty-one the Chinese Qing Dynasty Manchu Emperor issued an edict giving him the title of “Ertini”, Mongolian for “Rinpoche” or “Precious One”, and since then all subsequent Panchen Lamas have been known as the Panchen Ertini.
Kongpo Lama Yeshe Tsondru (1761–1816)
He composed ten works.
The Fourth Amdo Zhamar, Gendun Tenzin Gyatso (1852–1912)
He drew hundreds of new retreatants to Ditsa hermitage for meditation and in 1903 he helped found Gendun Tashi Choling, part of the upper Ditsa Monastery, which became famous due to the new philosophical curriculum he established there.
He became such a great scholar in all five fields of knowledge that when H.H. the Thriteenth Dalai Lama visited Kumbum monastery he bestowed on Zhamar Rinpoche the name “King of the Dharma, Mahapandita”.
Compiled from:Zhamar Pandita’s biography contained within the Zhamar Lamrim (published by Gomang monastery; this section was translated from the Tibetan by Simon Houlton, 2012); Heather Stoddard, “Gendun Chopel,” Treasury of Lives, accessed May 03, 2012 and Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center.
Pabongka Rinpoche, Jampa Tenzin Trinlay Gyatso (1878–1941)
When he was 7 years old his mother requested an audience with Sharpa Choeje Lobsang Dhargay who divined that this was indeed an exceptional child, and under his guidance Pabongka Rinpoche was enrolled in Sera Mey Monastery at the age of 8.
He later received teachings and transmissions from many great masters, including Dagpo Lama Jamphel Lhundrup and Dagri Dorje Chang, on all aspects of sutra and tantra. His collected works occupy twelve volumes covering all aspects of Buddhism.
(all above sections translated by Simon Houlton, 2012); Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive, and the Translator’s Introduction to Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand by Pabongka Rinpoche, edited by Trijang Rinpoche and translated by Michael Richards, Wisdom Publications.
Trijang Rinpoche, Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso (1901–1981)
He studied the great texts for 12 years under his main teacher Phulkhang Nangsang Lobsang Tsultrim, and received many teachings and transmissions from the great Lamas of the day, including Serkong Dorje Chang, Pabongka Rinpoche, and Ling Rinpoche.
Tijang Rinpoche taught in many of the great monasteries and institutes in exile in India, and later traveled to many countries such as the United Kingdom, France, Germany and Switzerland, teaching and giving empowerments.
Compiled from: Joona Repo, “The Third Trijang, Lobzang Yeshe Tendzin Gyatso,” Treasury of Lives, accessed May 03, 2012, FPMT and A Dharma History of Ganden Shartse (this section translated by Simon Houlton, 2012).