The 7th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Also, free-of-defilement consciousness or pure consciousness. The ninth and deepest of the nine consciousnesses. Amala means pure or undefiled, and vijnana means discernment. The eight consciousnesses set forth in the Consciousness-Only doctrine consist of the six consciousnesses (discernment by eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body, and mind), the mano consciousness, and the alaya-consciousness. To these the Summary of the Mahayana (Chin Shelun; Jpn Shoron) school founded by Paramartha (499-569), the Flower Garland (Hua-yen; Kegon) school founded by Tu-shun (557-640), and the T'ient'ai ( Jpn Tendai) school added a ninth consciousness, which is defined as the basis of all of life's functions. While the eighth, or alaya-consciousness contains karmic impurities, the amala consciousness is pure, free from all defilement, and corresponds to the Buddha nature.
See also nine consciousnesses.