The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Paranishpanna; (Sanskrit, alternately parinishpanna, paranishpana, or parinishpana; Tibetan: Yong-Grüb) "Absolute truth," or "Absolute happiness." From "para" which means "beyond" and nishpanna, sometimes translated as "knowledge," "completeness," "perfection" or "happiness.