The 7th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Absolute truth (Skt. paramārthasatya; Tib. དོན་དམ་བདེན་པ་, döndam denpa; Wyl. don dam bden pa) — one of the two truths. Absolute or ultimate reality, the way things are, as distinct from the way they actually appear.
Patrul Rinpoche says:
- In essence, the absolute is the basic space of phenomena (dharmadhatu), devoid of all conceptual elaboration.
As mentioned above, there is a twofold division of absolute truth:
- Uncategorized absolute (or absolute beyond conceptualization (རྣམ་གྲངས་མ་ཡིན་པའི་དོན་དམ་, namdrang mayinpé döndam)
See; "ultimate truth."
The absolute Truth (Paramattha Sacca in Pali) is the "ultimate" or “deepest” Truth, which for The Buddha meant that self and no-self are both true and not true, things do and do not exist, there is no beginning or end; only a continuous cycle.
They call it by different names and they each describe it in their own unique way, but whatever it is they are referring to, it cannot be denied that there is a universal drive in the human psyche to create a representation of an absolute Truth, whether or not it is conceivable.
We all know that there is change, but there is no “thing” that changes.
Since all things are Impermanent – they continually arise and pass away – the only thing that we can be sure of is that there is a process of change.
Furthermore, this process does not have a beginning to it because if we say it had a beginning, then there would be one thing which came first, and that one thing would be the cause of everything else.
Likewise, we cannot say that there is an end to the process since everything gives rise to something else.
1) In philosophy, absolute Truth generally states what is essential rather than superficial - a description of the Ideal (to use Plato's concept) rather than the merely "real" (which Platosees as a shadow of the Ideal).
Attempts to tie together all the known facts about the Universe into a single unified theory (one example is string theory ) could be seen as efforts to discover absolute Truth about this set of facts.
It does not tell us whether any particular statement other than itself is true.
Neither does it assert that we can always ascertain the Truth or falsity of any arbitrary statement.
The Incompleteness Theorem , proved by Kurt Gödel and published in 1931, actually showed that there exist logical statements whose Truth value is undecidable, that is, they cannot be proved either true or false.