The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Tögal, translated as ‘direct crossing’, ‘the direct approach’ or ‘leapover’, can bring very quickly the actual realization of the three kayas in this lifetime, and thus is a more rapid way of bringing about the dissolution of the practitioner’s karmic vision. The practice of tögal brings the realization of ‘spontaneous presence’ (Tib. ལྷུན་གྲུབ , lhundrup), and it can only be undertaken by a practitioner who has first gained stability in the practice of kadak trekchö.
Sogyal Rinpoche writes:
- Only when the master has determined that you have a thorough grounding in the practice of trekchö will he or she introduce you to the advanced practice of tögal. The tögal practitioner works directly with the clear light that dwells inherently, “spontaneously present,” within all phenomena, using specific and exceptionally powerful exercises to reveal it within himself or herself.
- Tögal has a quality of instantaneousness, of immediate realization. Instead of traveling over a range of mountains to reach a distant peak, the tögal approach would be to leap there in one bound. The effect of tögal is to enable a person to actualize all the different aspects of enlightenment within themselves in one lifetime. Therefore it is regarded as the extraordinary, unique method of Dzogchen; whereas trekchö is its wisdom, tögal is its skilful means. It requires enormous discipline, and is generally practiced in a retreat environment.
- Yet it cannot be stressed too often that the path of Dzogchen can only be followed under the direct guidance of a qualified master.
- More precisely of the Mengak dé section of Dzogchen.
- Note 7 from The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying: Through the practice of tögal, an accomplished practitioner can realize the three kayas in one lifetime (see 'Chapter 21, The Universal Process'). This is the fruition of Dzogchen.
- Sogyal Rinpoche, The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying, revised and updated edition (HarperSanFrancisco, 2002), page 171.