阿伽陀 (Skt, Pali; Jpn akada )
A medicine in ancient India, believed to be most effective in curing disease. Agada is also a common noun for medicine. The beginning a of agada means not, non-, or without, and gada means disease or sickness.
Agada is one of the eight branches into which ayurveda medicine is traditionally divided. Literally, gada means a disease and agada means any agent which makes the body free from disease; however the term agada is used specifically for the branch dealing with toxicology, the description of the different types of poisons, and their antidotes.
Agada Tantra is defined as a section of toxicology that deals with food poisoning, snakebites, dog bites, insect bites, etc. The school of toxicology was founded and run by Kashyapa, also known as Vriddhakashyapa, another contemporary of Atreya Punarvasu. He lived in Taksashila in what is now modern-day Pakistan. His text was called the Kashyapa Samhita. This, however, is a different book than the Kashyap Samhita of pediatrics. This text is not available now but the references of this text are found mentioned in different commentaries. Some other texts written by Alambayana, Ushana, Saunaka, and Latyayana were known to exist. However except for references to them, the original texts are no longer available.
A panacea, a “cure-all”, a remedy for all diseases and evils. All methods and schools of Buddhism are best – best for a particular group, at a particular time.
This is why the Buddha extolled all sutras as being foremost, as being kings of the Dharma.
Of all these methods and schools, the one that is considered foremost and at the same time a panacea is Pure Land. Pure Land is a cure-all because it applies to people of all capacities and walks of life.
See also: Pure Land Buddhism
The traditional practice of toxicology is still practiced by different families of vishavaidyas (poison doctors) who specialize in toxicology. However, their knowledge is limited compared to the knowledge possessed by the earlier ayurvedic physicians. In ancient times, it was the job of Vishavaidyas to protect members of the royal families from being poisoned, as well to poison enemies of the kings.