The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
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'general unwholesome Mental factors associated with all unwholesome actions' (volitions), are four:
- (1) lack of Moral shame (Ahirika),
- (2) lack of Moral dread (Anottappa),
- (3) restlessness (Uddhacca),
- (4) Delusion (Moha).
Akusala-sādhārana-Cetasika: Universal, general or primary disadvantageous Mental properties associated with all disadvantageous intentions: These are four; 1: Lack of Moral shame Ahirika, 2: Lack of fear of wrongdoing Anottappa, 3: Restlessness Uddhacca, 4: Confusion Moha. For 1 and 2 see: Ahirika-anottappa; for 3 see: Nīvarana; for 4 see: Mūla see also the Appendix. The corresponding opposite term designating advantageous (beautiful) Mental property is sobhana-sādhārana-Cetasika see: sobhana.