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Akusala Citta and Akusala Vipaka Citta

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All ten akusala kamma are done with these 12 akusala citta. There are 8 greed-rooted, 2 hatred-rooted, and 2 delusion-rooted citta. Of course citta (pronounced “chiththä”) are thoughts; any speech or bodily action starts with a thought.

Both greed-rooted and hatred-rooted also have delusion as a root.

Root Assoc. with Dissoc. with Feeling With habit/Forced
1 Greed Wrong view Pleasure Spontaneous
2 Greed Wrong view Pleasure Forced/Reluctant
3 Greed Wrong view Pleasure Spontaneous
4 Greed Wrong view Pleasure Forced/Reluctant
5 Greed Wrong view Equanimity Habit
6 Greed Wrong view Equanimity Forced/Reluctant
7 Greed Wrong view Equanimity Spontaneous
8 Greed Wrong view Equanimity Forced/Reluctant
9 Dislike Aversion Displeasure Spontaneous
10 Dislike Aversion Displeasure Forced/Reluctant
11 Delusion Vicikicca Equanimity
12 Delusion Uddacca Equanimity

1. The first citta is described as, ” a thought rooted in greed (and delusion), associated with wrong views, accompanied by pleasure, and spontaneous”. The others can be stated the same way.

2. Since vicikicca is also due to wrong views, those five cittas marked in red are the strongest akusala citta done with “wrong views” or ‘ditthi“. They can condition one’s mind to a “gathi” suitable for birth in the apayas

  • The vyapada or the strong hate — that makes one eligible for birth in the apayas –actually arises from the first four types of lobha citta. It is also called “dvesa” or “dvesha” which means “second manifestation” or (“dvi +”vesa“) of lobha. When one is burdened with extreme greed, it can turn to the second manifestation of extreme hate for anyone in the way.
  • Upon attaining the Sotapanna stage, such habits or “gathi” are removed, and thus no adverse kamma vipaka come to the mind at the dying moment, as we point out below. The “pati+ichcha sama+uppada” or what is born is similar to what is grasped, is at play at the dying moment. One automatically grasps things one has a habit of liking; they automatically come to the forefront of the mind at the dying moment.

3. The other 7 akusala citta are stopped from arising in stages as a Sotapanna cultivates the Path further.

4. These 12 types of citta lead to 7 types of vipaka (resultant) citta.

5. Five of these akusala vipaka citta are the ones that lead to (undesirable) sense events through the five physical senses. Thus they are responsible for eye consciousness (cakkhu vinnana), ear consciousness (sota vinnana), nose consciousness (ghana vinnana), taste consciousness (jivha vinnana), and body consciousness (kaya vinnana).

6. The sixth akusala vipaka citta is called receiving consciousness accompanied by equanimity (upekkha-sahagata sampaticcana citta). This is a citta that accepts the sense impression to the mind (we will discuss in Abhidhamma section).

7. The seventh akusala vipaka citta is called the investigating consciousness accompanied by equanimity (upekkha-sahagata santirana citta). This is the citta that is responsible for the birth in the apayas (lowest four realms), i.e, it acts as the patisandhi citta for the birth in the apayas.

8. One may wonder how a Sotapanna avoids the apayas, because he/she is still capable of generating the 7 cittas that are not associated with ditthi (see the Table above), and thus it is possible to generate this apayagami-patisandhi citta. The point is that after becoming a Sotapanna, such vipaka thoughts do not come to the mind at the last thought processes; only the good kamma vipaka come to the forefront of the mind close to the dying moment because he/she no longer has the “gathi” suitable for a birth in the apayas.

9. It is hard to give up one’s bad habits (“gathi“), mainly because one does not fully comprehend the true nature of the world, i.e., anicca, dukkha, anatta, and thus has wrong views about this world with 31 realms. One needs to comprehend that one’s actions have consequences not only in this life, but (mainly) in the future lives; also, whatever one gains by such harmful actions is just temporary, AND do not leave one with a peace mind.