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Kattikā; Name of a constellation and also of a month (October to November), during which the full moon is near the constellation of Pleiades (kattikā).
It is the last month of the rainy season (See, e.g., Netti.143. For details see N.P.D. s.v.).
The full moon day of the month was observed as a festival and great rejoicings were held, particularly at night. E.g., J.i.433; 499, 508.
kattikā : [f.] the constellation of Pleiades.
Kattikā (f.) (& ˚kattika) [cp. Sk. kṛttikā f. pl. the Pleiades & BSk. karthika] N. of a month (Oct. -- Nov.), during which the full moon is near the constellation of Pleiades. It is the last month of the rainy season, terminating on the []full moon day of Kattikā (kattika -- puṇṇamā). This season is divided into 5 months: Āsāḷha, Sāvaṇa, Bhaddara (Poṭṭhapāda), Assayuja, Kattikā; the month Assayuja is also called pubba -- kattikā, whereas the fifth, K., is also known as pacchima -- kattikā; both are comprised in the term k. -- dvemāsika. Bhikkhus retiring for the first 3 months of the Vassa (rainy season) are kattika -- temāsikā, if they include the 4th, they are k. -- cātumāsikā. The full moon of Assayuja is termed k. -- temāsinī; that of Kattika is k. -- cātumāsinī. See Vinaya passages & cp. nakkhatta. -- Nett 143 (kattiko, v. l. kattikā).
-- cātumāsinī see above Vin iii.263. -- coraka a thief who in the month of K., after the distribution of robes, attacks bhikkhus Vin iii.262. -- chaṇa a festival held at the end of Lent on the full moon of pubba -- kattikā, and coinciding with the Pavāraṇā J i.433; ii.372; v.212 sq.; Mhvs 17, 17. -- temāsi ( -- puṇṇamā) (the full moon) of pubbakattikā Vin iii.261; Mhvs 17, 1 (˚puṇṇamāsī). -- māsa the month K. J ii.372; Mhvs 12, 2 (kattike māse). -- sukkapakkha the bright fortnight of K. Mhvs 17, 64.