The 7th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Chanda (Sanskrit, Pali; Tibetan: ‘dun pa) - is translated as "intention", "interest", or "desire to act". It is defined as trying to possess a certain object–an interest or desire that supports the application of exertion. Chanda is identified within the Buddhist Abhidharma teachings as follows:
chanda: Desire, wish, desire or intention. The psychological faculty that motivates action. It can be good, evil, or neutral. The concentration of chanda is one of the four roads to psychic power (riddhipada).
- One of the six occasional mental factors in the Theravada Abhidharma; in this tradition, chanda is a factor that can have positive or negative result depending upon the mental factors that it is co-joined with.
- One of the five object-determining mental factors in the Mahayana Abhidharma; that is a factor that grasps the specification of the object.
Ajahn Sucitto states:
- Desire as an eagerness to offer, to commit, to apply oneself to meditation, is called chanda. It’s a psychological “yes,” a choice, not a pathology. In fact, you could summarize Dhamma training as the transformation of taṇhā into chanda.
The Abhidhammattha-sangaha states:
- Chanda here means desire to act (kattu-kamata), that is to perform an action or achieve some result. This kind of desire must be distinguished from desire in the reprehensible sense, that is, from lobha, greed and raga, lust. Whereas the latter terms are invariably unwholesome, chanda is an ethically variable factor which, when conjoined with wholesome concomitants, can function as the virtuous desire to achieve a worthy goal. The characteristic of chanda is desire to act, its function is searching for an object, its manifestation is need for an object and that same object is its proximate cause. It should be regarding as the stretching forth of the mind's hand towards the object.
The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:
- What is chanda? It is the desire to endow a desired thing with this or that particular attribute, and has the function of laying the foundation for making a start on assiduous striving.
- So we have intention (’dun-pa, Skt. chanda). The intention is the wish to obtain an object, or to achieve a goal, or to do something with it. It can be to meet with what we’ve previously met with, not to be parted with what we’re presently being aware of, or it can be keen interest to engage with something in the future. So Buddha has the intention to benefit everybody. I mean, we have intention all the time. I’m looking at this cup of water, paying attention to it, etc., and there’s the intention: What am I going to do with it? I’m going to pick it up and drink it. So, obviously, because we have intention we would like to make it pure and have a pure intention to benefit everybody—no matter what we’re doing, may it be of benefit to everyone.
- aspiration (Jeffery Hopkins)
- desire to act (Bhikkhu Bodhi)
- desire as an eagerness to commit (Ajahn Sucitto)
- intention (Erik Pema Kunsang, Alexander Berzin)
- interest (Herbert Guenther)
- zeal (Nina van Gorkom)