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Gyalwang Drukpa

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The Gyalwang Drukpa in Alice Springs, Australia 1991

The Gyalwang Drukpa is the honorific title of the head of the Drukpa school, one of the independent Sarma (new) schools of Tibetan Buddhism. This lineage of reincarnated masters started from Tsangpa Gyare, the first Gyawang Drukpa and founder of the school. The present Gyalwang Drukpa, Jigme Pema Wangchen is the twelfth lineage holder.

School

See also: Drukpa Lineage

The Drukpa Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism traces its origin back to the primordial Buddha Vajradhara (Dorje Chang in Tibetan) through an unbroken line of masters.

The early founders of the lineage include the great teachers Tilopa, Naropa, Marpa, Milarepa, Gampopa, Rechungpa, Phagmo Drupa and Lingchen Repa. Lingchen Repa was the guru of the first Gyalwang Drukpa, Tsangpa Gyare.

Tsangpa Gyare was recognized as the Bodhisattva of Great Compassion Avalokiteshvara (Tibetan Chenrezig) in human form, as well as an incarnation of the first Buddhist King of Tibet, Songsten Gampo, of the great saint Naropa and of Milarepa's son-like disciple Gampopa.

The Drukpa Lineage spread throughout Tibet, Ladakh, Northern India and Bhutan, and is renowned for the pure qualities of its practitioners and the numerous yogis who have attained enlightenment.

Following the death of the Fourth Gyalwang Drukpa, Pema Karpo, there were two reincarnations, as he prophesized. One, Pagsam Wangpo, remained in Central Tibet with the patronage of the King of Tsang. The other, Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, went to Bhutan after seeing in vision the deity Mahakala offering him the Kingdom. In Bhutan, the Drukpa lineage is now the official religious order of the state. Ever since Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal appointed Pekar Jungne as the first Je Khenpo, the spiritual head of all monasteries in Bhutan, the successive Je Khenpos have acted as the Spiritual Regents of Bhutan.

List of successive Gyalwang Drukpas

Incarnation Name Lived
1st Gyalwang Drukpa Drogon Tsangpa Gyare 1161 - 1211
2nd Gyalwang Drukpa Kunga Paljor 1428 - 1476
3rd Gyalwang Drukpa Jamyang Chodrak 1478 - 1523
4th Gyalwang Drukpa Kunkhyen Pema Karpo 1527 - 1592
5th Gyalwang Drukpa Pagsam Wangpo 1593 - 1641
6th Gyalwang Drukpa Mipham Wangpo 1641 - 1717
7th Gyalwang Drukpa Kagyü Trinle Shingta 1718 - 1766
8th Gyalwang Drukpa Künzik Chönang 1768 - 1822
9th Gyalwang Drukpa Jigme Mingyur Wangyel 1823 - 1883
10th Gyalwang Drukpa Mipham Chökyi Wangpo 1884 - 1930
11th Gyalwang Drukpa Tendzin Khyenrab Geleg Wangpo 1931 - 1960
12th Gyalwang Drukpa Jigme Pema Wangchen 1963 - present

Source

Wikipedia:Gyalwang Drukpa