The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Nirodha (Pali, Sanskrit; Tibetan 'gog pa) — literally refers to the absence or extinction of a given entity. As the third of the Four Noble Truths, it refers specifically to the cessation of Dukkha (Suffering) and its causes; it is commonly used as a synonym for Nirvana.
In the context of the Four Noble Truths, nirodha refers to the cessation of suffering and the causes of Suffering. It is "the cessation of all the unsatisfactory experiences and their causes in such a way that they can no longer occur again. It’s the removal, the final absence, the cessation of those things, their non-arising." According to the Buddhist point of view, once we have developed a genuine understanding of the causes of suffering, such as craving (tanha) and ignorance (avijja), then we can completely eradicate these causes and thus be free from suffering.
Nirodha can have the following meanings: