The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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In Buddhism, an anāgāmi (Sanskrit and Pāli for "non-returning") is a partially enlightened person who has cut off the first five chains that bind the ordinary Mind. Anagami-ship is the third of the Four stages of enlightenment.
An Anagami (Non-returner) has completely eradicated the first five hindrances of the 10 hindrances to Enlightenment and never returns to earth or any other World system (planet, solar system). Such a person is reborn to a heavenly realm and attains Enlightenment from there.
There are 5 classes of Non-Returners, as it is said e.g. Pug. 42-46:
A being, through the disappearing of the 5 lower Mental chains Samyojana, reappears in a higher World amongst the devas of the Pure Abodes, Suddhāvāsa, and without returning from that World into the sense-sphere, he there reaches Nibbāna.
1. He may, immediately after appearing there in the Pure Abodes or before half of the Life-time, attain the Noble path for the overcoming of the higher Mental chains. Such a being is called one who reaches Nibbāna within the first half of the Life antarā-parinibbāyī.
2. Or, while living more than half of the lifetime there, or at the moment of Death, he attains the Noble path for the overcoming of the higher Mental chains. Such a being is called one who reaches Nibbāna after crossing half the Life-time upahacca-parinibbāyī.
5. Or, after vanishing from the Heaven of the Aviha-gods see: Suddhāvāsa, he appears in the Heaven of the unworried atappa gods. After vanishing from there he appears in the Heaven of the clearly-visible sudassa gods, from there in the Heaven of the clear-visioned sudassī gods, from there in the Heaven of the highest Akanittha gods. There he attains the Noble path for the overcoming of the higher Mental chains. Such a being is called one who passes up-stream to the highest gods [[uddhamsota[Akanittha-gāmī]].
- Sakkāya-diṭṭhi: Belief in self
- Vicikicchā: Skeptical Doubt
- Sīlabbata-parāmāsa: Attachment to rites and rituals
- Kāma-Rāga: Sensuous Craving
- Byāpāda: Ill will
- Rūpa-Rāga)]: Craving for fine-material existence (the first 4 jhanas)
- Arūpa-Rāga: Craving for immaterial existence (the last 4 jhanas)
- Māna: Conceit
- Uddhacca: Restlessness
- Avijjā: Ignorance