The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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The fourth division of the Sutta Pitaka, consisting of eleven nipātas (sections) and 9,557 suttas (A.v.361; DA.i.23; Gv.56). The suttas are arranged in numbered lists, probably as aids to memory. Thus we find set out in order first the units, then the pairs, the trios etc., up to groups of eleven. This method of arrangement has evidently influenced the subject matter as well, for we seldom see any reasoned arguments. The lists are often curtly given and curtly explained (See also Hardy's remarks, A.v. introd. p.vii).
The Anguttara Nikaya quotes the Parāyana, which is evidence of its late compilation. (i.133 and 134; ii.45. For other quotations in and from the Anguttara Nikaya see A.v., introd. p.ix., nn. 3 and 4.)