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Aparagodānīya

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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Aparagodānīya or Aparagoyāna is located in the west, and is shaped like a circle with a circumference of about 7,500 yojanas (Sarvāstivāda tradition). The tree of this continent is a giant Kadamba tree. The human inhabitants of this continent do not live in houses but sleep on the ground. They are about 24 feet (7.3 m) tall and they live for 500 years. Aparagodānīya; In Buddhist cosmology there are four large continents, each of which has two smaller continents (gling phran brgyad) next to it: In the center, is the monarch of mountains, ri rab (meru). The four continents and eight smaller continents are

(1) shar lus 'phags po (videha), the eastern continent ""land of those with superior/large bodies"" with lus (deha) and lus 'phags (videha);

(2) lho 'dzam bu gling (jambudvīpa), the southern continent ""Jambu-tree land"" with rnga yab (cāmara) and rnga yab gzhan (aparacāmara);

(3) nub ba blang spyod (godanīya) the western continent ""land of using cattle"" with g.yo ldan (sāthā) and lam mchog 'gro (uttaramantriṇa);

(4) byang sgra mi snyan (kuru), the northern continent ""land of unpleasant sound"" with sgra mi snyan (kurava) and sgra mi snyan kyi zla (kaurava). Surrounding all of these is an outer rim of iron mountains

Aparagodānīya; Also known as Godaniya. One of the four continents surrounding Mount Sumeru, according to the ancient Indian worldview. The Sanskrit apara means west. The Dharma Analysis Treasury indicates that it is a continent located to the west of Mount Sumeru, in the sea between the outermost of the seven concentric gold mountain ranges and the iron mountain range that constitutes the outermost borders of the world. This iron mountain range is known as the Iron Encircling Mountains. The Dharma Analysis Treasury describes Aparagodaniya as circular, 2,500 yojanas in diameter, while the Long Agama Sutra describes it as semicircular.

Aparagodaniya 瞿耶尼牛貨洲西牛貨洲 (Skt; Jpn Kuyani, Goke-shu, or Sai-goke-shu)