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Bhavaviveka

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Bhāvaviveka
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Bhāvaviveka (Tib. ལེགས་ལྡན་འབྱེད་, Wyl. legs ldan 'byed), aka Bhāviveka (སྣང་བྲལ་, snang bral) or Bhavya (སྐལ་ལྡན, skal ldan) (c.500-570), was a sixth century master of the Svatantrika school of Madhyamika.

He was critical of Buddhapalita’s interpretation of Nagarjuna’s classic work The Root Verses on the Wisdom of the Middle Way, because he believed Buddhapalita should have put forward independent logical arguments, rather than simply pointing out the flaws in others’ positions.

The great master Chandrakirti later defended Buddhapalita’s approach and sought to refute Bhavaviveka. Bhavaviveka: One of the “seventeen great panditas” and early expositor of the Svatantrika Madhyamaka.

Writings

Quotations

ཡང་དག་ཀུན་རྫོབ་རྣམས་ཀྱི་སྐས། །

མེད་པར་ཡང་དག་ཁང་ཆེན་གྱི། །
སྟེང་དུ་འགྲོ་བར་བྱ་བ་ནི། །

མཁས་ལ་རུང་བ་མ་ཡིན་ནོ། །

Trying to reach the great mansion
Of the authentic nature of reality
Without the steps of the authentic relative
Is not an approach the wise should take.[1]

Bhāvaviveka, Heart of the Middle Way, III, 12


Further Reading

  1. This verse is also found in Atīśa’s Introduction to the Two Truths (བདེན་གཉིས་ལ་འཇུག་པ་)

Source

RigpaWiki:Bhavaviveka







Bhavaviveka
清弁 (c. 490–570) (Skt; Jpn Shoben)


Also known as Bhavya. An Indian Buddhist scholar of Madhyamika philosophy.

He is the founder of the Svatantrika school, one of the two schools of Madhyamika, the other being the Prasangika school led by his contemporary, Buddhapalita.

Born to the royal family in Magadha, India, Bhavaviveka studied the Mahayana sutras and Nagarjuna's works under Samgharakshita, a Madhyamika scholar. Later, he wrote The Treatise on the Lamp of Wisdom (Skt Prajna-pradipa ), a commentary on Nagarjuna's Verses on the Middle Way (Madhyamaka-karika), in which he criticized Buddhapalita's method of demonstrating the truth of nonsubstantiality. As a result, the Madhyamika school split into two.

To demonstrate the truth of nonsubstantiality, Bhavaviveka adopted Dignaga's method of Buddhist logic.

He wrote The Heart of the Middle Way (Madhyamaka-hridaya ) in which he criticized the doctrine of the Vijnanavada, or Consciousness-Only, school. Dharmapala of the Consciousness-Only school retorted Bhavaviveka's criticisms.

Bhavaviveka took the position that all phenomena are interdependent and have no independent existence of their own, or are non-substantial in nature. Dharmapala asserted that phenomena arise from consciousness (vijnana ), which is the only reality. (The Sanskrit words madhyamika and madhyamaka both mean intermediate or middle.)

Source

www.sgilibrary.org