Bodh Gayā is a small town
Bodh Gayā is a small town about 12 kilometres from the city of Gayā in the northern Indian state of Bihar where the Buddha attained enlightenment. The name itself is a contraction of Buddha Gayā and only came into use during the 18th century. At the time of the Buddha, the place was known as Uruvelā. The town of Bodh Gayā has grown up around the huge Mahābodhi Temple built in the 5th century over the very place where the Buddha sat when he became enlightened. Many Buddhist countries and organisations have built temples and monasteries at Bodh Gayā, and thousands of pilgrims visit the town every year.