The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
|Please consider making little donation to help us expand the encyclopedia Donate Enjoy your readings here and have a wonderful day|
Her mantra is as follows:
She has sixteen hands each and holds within her right hands a skull, shield, mirror, bow, flag and pāśa (cord), and in her left hands a rod, iron pounder, Śūla, Vajra, sword, Aṅkuśa (a sticklike weapon), Śara (arrow), Cakra and a śalākā. These nine Durgās are seen as different forms of Pārvatī.
Caṇḍa (चण्ड), a violent and cruel hunter who accidentally worshipped a Śiva liṅga on the night of Śivarātri by staying awake all night without eating and accidentally knocking bilva leaves onto the liṅga while trying to kill a boar.
During the night Caṇḍa became greatly transformed by the performance of these acts; we are told that he was freed from all sins and his heart became pure. (See the Padma-purāṇa, Uttarakhaṇḍa, 154.8–53)
Canda，(Vedic candra from *（s）quend to be light or glowing，cp．[[candana sandal （incense） wood，Gr．kάhdaros cinder; Lat．candeo，candidus，incendo; Cymr．cann white; E．candid，candle，incense，cinder) the moon （i．e．the shiner） S．I，196; II，206; M．II，104; A．I，227，II．139 sq．; III，34; Dh．413; Sn．465，569，1016; J．III，52; VI，232; Pv．I，127; II，66; Vv 647 （maṇi° a shiny jewel．or a moonlike jewel，see VvA．278，v．l．°sanda）．--puṇṇa° the full moon J．I，149，267; V，215; °mukha with a face like a full moon （of the Buddha） DhA．III，171．
Canda is extremely frequent in similes & comparisens：see list in J．P．T．S．1907，85 sq．In enumerations of heavenly bodies or divine beings Canda always precedes Suriya （the Sun），e．g．D．II，259; A．I，215; II，139; Nd2 308 （under Devatā）．Cp．candimant．On quâsi mythol．etym．see Vism．418．
--kanta a gem Miln．118; --（g）gāha a moon-eclipse （lit．seizure，i．e．by Rāhu） D．I，10 （cp．DA．I，95）; --maṇḍala the moon’s disc，the shiny disc，i．e．the moon A．I，283; J．I，253; III，55; IV，378; V，123; Dhs．617; Vism．216 （in compar，）; PvA．65; --suriyā （pl．） sun & moon J．IV，61．（Page 261）
-- or --
Caṇḍa，（adj．） (Sk．caṇḍa) fierce，violent; quick-tempered，uncontrolled，passionate Vin．II，194 （hatthī）; D．I．90 （=māṇa-nissita-kopa-yutta DA．I，256）; S．I，176; II，242; A．II，109=Pug．47 （sakagava°）; J．I，450; II，210，349; Vism．343，279 （°sota，fierce current），（°hatthi）; DhA．IV，9 （goṇa） 104; Sdhp．41，590，598．-- f．caṇḍī M．I，126; J．II，443; III，259; Pv．II，34 （=kodhanā PvA．83）．‹-› Compar．caṇḍatara S．II，242．-- In cpds．caṇḍi°，see caṇḍikata & caṇḍitta．（Page 260）
-- or --
-- or --
6. Canda - Chief consort of Candakumara. She was the daughter of the Pancala king and the mother of Vasula. It was her saccakiriya which saved her husband from death. She is identified with Rahulamata. J.vi.151ff
8. Canda Theri - An arahant. She belonged to a brahmin family which bad fallen on evil days and she grew up in wretched poverty. Her kinsfolk having all died of plague, she eked out a living by begging from door to door. One day she came across Patacara who had just finished eating. Patacara, seeing her pitiable condition, gave her some food and, when she had eaten, discoursed to her. Delighted by Patacaras sermon, Canda renounced the world and soon afterwards attained arahantship. Thig.vs.122-26; ThigA., p.120f.