The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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The Cakrasaṃvara Tantra, Chinese: 胜乐金刚 shènglè jīngāng; Tibetan: Khorlo Demchog Gyud (Tibetan: འཁོར་ལོ་སྡོམ་པ / བདེ་མཆོག, Wylie: khor lo sdom pa / bde mchog gi rgyud) is considered to be of the mother class of the Anuttara Yoga Tantra in the Indo-Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhist tradition.
Saṃvara is typically depicted with a blue-coloured bodyr faces, and twelve arms, and embracing his consort Vajravarahi (in Chinese 金刚亥母 jīngāng hàimǔ)in the yab-yum position. Other forms of the deity are also known, with varying numbers of limbs.
Saṃvara and consort are not to be thought of as two different entities, as an ordinary husband and wife are two different people; in reality, their divine embrace is a metaphor for the union of great bliss and emptiness, which are one and the same essence.
- David B. Gray, The Cakrasamvara Tantra: A Study and Annotated Translation, American Institute of Buddhist Studies, 2007
- Lama Kazi Dawa Samdrup, Śri Cakrasaṃvara Tantra, Adyita Prakashan, New Delhi, 1987
- Ringu Tulku, The Ri-me Philosophy of Jamgön Kongtrul the Great (Boston & London: Shambhala Publications, 2006), pages 87-88.
Other sources, such as the sadhana (sgrub thabs) of the Queen of Great Bliss (yum bka' bde chen rgyal mo) from the Longchen Nyingthig (see Tulku Thondup, 1985), give a different enumeration of these twenty-four sacred places.
1) The crown of the head is Jalandhara,
2) in between the eyebrows is Pulliramalaya,
3) the nape is Arbuta,
4) the urna (the hair at the center of the forehead) is Rameshvara,
5) the right ear is Oddiyana,
6) the left ear is Godavari,
7) the eyes are Devikota, and
8) the shoulders are Malava.
b) Eight earthly abodes (Skt. - gocharya, Tib. - sa spyod:
9) the throat is Lampaka,
10) the underarms and kidneys are Kamarupa,
11) the two breasts are Odra,
12) the navel is Trishanku,
13) the nose-tip is Koshala,
14) the palate is Kalinga,
15) the heart is both Kanchika and
16) Himalaya (Himavat).
c) Eight undergound abodes (Skt. - bhugarbha, Tib. - sa 'og gi gnas brgyad):
17) the genitals are Pretapuri,
18) the anus is Grihadeva,
19) the thumbs and the big toes are Maru,
20) the thighs are Saurashtra,
21) the calves are Suvarnadvipa,
22) the sixteen other fingers and toes are Nagara,
23) the knees are Kulata, and
24) the ankles are Sindhu.
The terms you may have been searching for will appear bolded in this wonderfully educational, and highly abbreviated geographic description of how the land of Tibet actually lives through it's cultural habitat, both historically and spiritually: from chapter 11, pp. 342-343, note 10:
These three are also listed among the "Twenty-four Great Sacred Places" (Tib. - gnas chen nyer gzhi), (Skt. - pitha) of the world, Mt. Kailash being identified as Himavat, Lapchi as Godavari, and Tsari as both Caritra and Devikota.
There are several descriptions of and guides to Mt. Kailash, including one written by Konchog Tendzin Chokyi Lodro, the sixth Drigung Chungtsang ('bri gung chung tshang dkon mchog bstan 'dzin chos kyi blo gros, 1829-1906), and a recent one composed originally by Choying Dorje (1990), hereafter quoted as MK.
It is recounted in the Chakrasamvara Tantra and it's commentaries (as related in MK) that the world was once ruled by Bhairava, the wrathful form of Mahadeva, who made the land of Magadha the seat of his power.
They invited Bhairava to visit their dwellings, twenty-four in all, but he, instead of coming personally, manifested in each place as a lingam to which these savage beings would make blood sacrifices.
He danced, and through the power of the nondual wisdom of all the Buddhas, trampled down Mahadeva and his consort together with their retinue, liberating their minds into the absolute expanse and establishing them in great bliss.
The sixty-two are Chakrasamvara and his consort, and his retinue: the twenty-four male and twenty-four female Bodhisattvas, and the twelve goddesses.
The Buddha stepped on all four sides of the mountain, leaving footprints in the rock which are known as the Four Immutable Nails of Kailash (mi 'gyur ba'i gzer bzhi). Ravana thus was unable to lift the mountain.
Drigung Jigten Gonpo ('bri gung 'jigs rten mgon po 1143-1217) had a dream in which the guardian deities of the Three Sacred Places of Tsari, Lapchi, and Kailash came and prostrated themselves before him, requesting him to go and bless their territories.
Accordingly, he dispatched 80 hermits to each place.
Some years later, he reputedly sent 900 hermits and finally 55,525 practitioners to each site (see Huber, 1989).
In the Three Sacred Places of Tsari, Lapchi, and Kailash, Dorzin (rdor 'dzin = Holder of the Vajra) usually refers to a spiritual master or an administrator sent from Drigung Monastery as representative of the Drigung hierarchs. (see Petech 1978, 317.) (MR-ShabkarNotes).