The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
Chinese Culture: Buddhism in China
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Within the Buddhist philosophy grew two main divisions. There were those that followed the traditional Theravada Buddhism, which involves strict meditation and a closer reading of the original teachings of Buddha. Theravada Buddhism is prominent in Sri Lanka and most of Southeast Asia.
Mahayana Buddhists believe in the broader appeal to Buddha's teachings compared to the more abstract philosophical questions posed in Theravada Buddhism. Mahayana Buddhists also accept contemporary buddhas like Amitabha, which Theravada Buddhists don't.
Buddhism was able to directly address the concept of human suffering -- which had wide appeal for the Chinese who were dealing with the chaos and disunity of warring states vying for control after the fall of the Han.
Competition with Daoism
Daoists do not view life as suffering. They believe in an ordered society and strict morality, but they also hold strong mystical beliefs such as ultimate transformation, where the soul lives after death and travels to the world of the immortals.
The religion was also used by foreign rulers of China, such as the Yuan Dynasty and the Manchus, to connect with the Chinese and justify their rule. The Machus strived to draw a parallel between Buddhism. a foreign religion, and their own reign as foreign leaders.
More about Buddhism in China
|Ethnic Minority Groups that Practice Buddhism in China|
|Mulam (also practice Taoism)||207,352||Guangxi||About the Mulam|
|Jingpo||132,143||Yunnan||About the Jingpo|
|Maonan (also practice Polytheism)||107,166||Guangxi||About the Maonan|
|Blang||92,000||Yunnan||About the Blang|
|Achang||33,936||Yunnan||About the Achang|
|Jing or Gin (also practice Taoism)||22,517||Guangxi||About the Jing|
|De'ang or Derung||17,935||Yunnan||About the De'ang|