The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
Classification of Buddha's teaching
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And it continued to develop. Kukai in Japan wrote Himitsumandara jūjūshinron (祕密曼荼羅十住心論, Treatise on The Ten Stages of the Development of Mind) and Enchin also wrote his classification. Tibetan Buddhists also developed different classifications.
Zhiyi wrote Mohe zhiguan (摩訶止觀) and Fahua Xuanyi (法華玄義). He classifies the Buddha's teaching into 5 periods and 8 teachings (五時八教). They are the Period of Avatamsaka (華嚴時), Agamas (阿含時), Vaipulya (方等時), Prajna (般若時) and Dharma-pundarika/Nirvana (法華涅槃時).
They are Tripitaka Teaching (三藏教),
Shared Teaching (通教),
Distinctive Teaching (別教),
Complete Teaching (圓教),
Sudden Teaching (頓教),
Gradual Teaching (漸教),
Secret Teaching (秘密教) and
Variable Teaching (不定教).
Five Divisions and Ten Schools
They are the teaching of sravakas (sound-hearers) (小乘教),
the elementary teaching of mahayana (大乘初教),
the final teaching of mahayana (大乘終教), the abrupt or
sudden teaching of mahayana (大乘頓教) and
the all-round or complete teaching of one vehicle (一乘圓教).