The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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(Sanskrit, conditioned; Pāli, saṇkhata). Things that are conditioned or brought into being by contributory causes. This applies to anything that bears the characteristics (lakṣaṇa) of arising (utpāda), duration (sthiti), and disappearance (vyaya). The class of conditioned phenomena is contrasted with the ‘unconditioned’ (asaṃskṛta), a synonym for nirvāṇa. Nirvāṇa is regarded as transcendent and not subject to the laws of temporality or causation (pratītya-samutpāda) that affect all phenomena in the conditioned realm of saṃsāra.
saṃ-skṛtá (or sáṃ-skṛta), mfn. put together, constructed, well or completely formed, perfected Lalit • made ready, prepared, completed, finished RV. &c. &c.: dressed, cooked (as food) MBh. R. BhP • purified, consecrated, sanctified, hallowed, initiated ŚBr. &c. &c • refined, adorned, ornamented, polished, highly elaborated (esp. applied to highly wrought speech, such as the Sanskṛit language as opp, to the vernaculars) Mn. MBh. &c • m. a man of one of the three classes who has been sanctified by the purificatory rites W • a Iearned man MW • a word formed according to accurate rules, a regular derivation ib • (ám), n. making ready, preparation or a prepared place, sacrifice RV. TS. ŚBr. GṛŚrS • a sacred usage or custom MW • the Sanskṛit language (cf. above) Śiksh. Bhar. Daśar. &c • -tva n. the being prepared or made ready &c. Jaim • -mañjarī f. N. of wk • -maya mf(ī) u. consisting of Sanskṛit, Kāśikh • -mālā f. -ratna-mālā f. -vākya-ratnâvalī f. N. of wks • -vat mfn. one who has perfected or elaborated or finished MW • ○tâtman m. one who has received the purificatory rites Mn. x, 110 • a sage W • ○tôkti f. refined or polished language, a Sanskṛit word or expression Hit. [Page 1121, Column 1