The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Apramada (Sanskrit; Pali: Appamada; Tibetan Wylie: bag yod pa) is a Buddhist term translated as "conscientious" or "concern". It is defined as taking great care concerning what should be adopted and what should be avoided. It is one of the virtuous Mental factors within the Abhidharma teachings.
The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:
- What is concern? From taking its stand on non-Attachment, non-hatred, and non-deludedness coupled with Diligence, it considers whatever is positive and protects the Mind against things which cannot satisfy. Its function is to make complete and to realize all worldly and transworldly excellences.
Just as all the footprints of living beings are surpassed by the footprint of the elephant, and the footprint of the elephant is considered as the mightiest amongst them, just so have all the meritorious qualities alertness as their foundation, and alertness is considered as the mightiest of these qualities A. X, 15.
Cf. the Chapter on alertness Appamāda Vagga in Dhp., and The Buddha's last exhortation: Transient are all constructions. Be Alert & Train! appamādenasampādetha D. 16 - In the commentaries, it is often explained as the presence lit. 'non-absence' of awareness satiyāavippavāsa.