The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
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- earth Kasina (paṭhavī Kasiṇa),
- water Kasina (āpo Kasiṇa),
- air Kasina, wind (vāyo Kasiṇa),
- Fire Kasina (tejo Kasiṇa),
- blue, green Kasina (nīla Kasiṇa),
- yellow Kasina (pīta Kasiṇa),
- red Kasina (lohita Kasiṇa),
- white Kasina (odāta Kasiṇa),
- enclosed space Kasina, hole, aperture (ākāsa Kasiṇa),
- bright Light Kasina (ā Loka Kasiṇa).
The earth Kasiṇa, for instance, is a disk in a red-brown color formed by spreading earth or clay (or another medium producing similar color and texture) on a screen of canvas or another backing material.
Kasiṇa Meditation is a Concentration Meditation (variously known in different traditions as Samatha, Dhyana, or Jhana meditations), intended to settle the Mind of the practitioner and create a foundation for further practices of Meditation.
In the early stages of Kasiṇa Meditation, a physical object is used as the object of Meditation, being focused upon by the practitioner until an eidetic image of the object forms in the practitioners Mind.
It consists in concentrating one's full and undivided attention on one visible object as preparatory image (parikamma-nimitta), e.g. a colored spot or disc, or a piece of earth, or a pond at some distance, etc.,
Now, while continuing to direct one's attention to this image, there may arise the spotless and immovable counter-image (patibhāga-nimitta), and together with it the neighbourhood-Concentration (upacāra-Samādhi) will have been reached.
"There are 10 kasina-spheres: someone sees the earth kasina, above, below, on all sides, undivided, unbounded .... someone see the water-kasina, above, below, etc." (M. 77; D. 33) Cf. abhibhāyatan, bhāvanā; further s. Fund. IV.
For full description see Vis.M. IV-V; also Atthasālini Tr. I, 248.