Chökhor Düchen - The First Turning of the Wheel of Dharma
Friday, 12 July 2013 marks Chökhor Düchen (Wyl. chos 'khor dus chen), the 'Festival of Turning the Wheel of Dharma' — one of the four major Buddhist holidays. It occurs on the fourth day of the sixth Tibetan lunar month.
For seven weeks after his enlightenment, Buddha did not teach. Finally, encouraged by Indra and Brahma, he turned the Wheel of Dharma for the first time, at Sarnath, by teaching the ‘Four Noble Truths’.
Earlier this year, in March and June, we observed and spoke about the first two “great deeds” – Chötrul Düchen and Saga Dawa Düchen, which celebrate the time when the mythos tells us the Sakyamuni performed fifteen days of miracles, and the day on which he realized Enlightenment respectively.
Today, we observe the third of these great occasions, Chokhur Düchen – which commemorates the First Turning of the Wheel of Dharma (Buddha Sakyamuni’s first sermon to five of his former brother renunciates, following his Enlightenment).
This first sermon, given forty-nine days after his realisation, was a pivotal teaching encapsulated what we now refer to as the Four Noble Truths. Not only was this the first major discourse of Buddha Sakyamuni, but more importantly, it contains the entire essence of all his subsequent teaching, becoming the common ground for all Buddhist traditions.
Without the turning of the First Wheel of Dharma – the foundation of Theravadin Buddhism, and of all the primitive schools of Buddhism no longer in existence – Buddha would have had no foundation upon which to turn the Second and Third Wheels of Dharma (the Perfection of Wisdom Sutra and the Sutra Discriminating, the Intention; which are the foundation of Mahayana Buddhism.
The merits accumulated on this day are said to be multiplied by ten million times, and therefore it is traditionally a day when offerings to one’s teachers, temple, and the poor are particularly auspicious.
While this day was marked by the beginning of a 30-day retreat for all of us in the monastery each year, we have adapted this practice to include three days of contemplative, private and personal retreat practice here at Sarvodaya Ladrang.
The focus, during this period, is one of gratitude for the transformative gift of having heard this great teaching – the foundational principals behind the teachings of Buddha Sakyamuni, Rabbi Jesus (Rav Yeshua/Issa), Guru Padmasambhava, Je Tsongkhapa, and Francesco di Bernadone (Francis of Assisi).
Thoreau challenges us to “learn to reawaken, and keep ourselves awake, not by mechanical aids, but by an infinite expectation of the dawn.” Let’s use this time to increase our awareness, and to take the opportunity to do something to alleviate the suffering of those less fortunate than us.
It is said that on this day the effect of positive or negative actions are multiplied ten million times.