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Five Houses of Zen

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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Common term for the five lines of transmission or Schools of Chinese Ch’an (Zen) Bsm. existing at the end of the T’ang Dynasty (c. 900). Two of them, the Ikyō and Hōgen sects, did not long survive; the Ummon sect did not long survive its founder, Ummon, though it produced great men, and this left the two schools which, under their later Japanese names, are the Sōtō and Rinzai schools of today.


Five Houses of Zen
1. House of Igyo (Igyo; Kuei-yang)
2. House of Rinzai (Linji; Lin-chi)
3. House of Soto (Caodong; Ts-ao-tung)
4. House of Ummon (Ummon; Yun-men)
5. House of Hogen (Fayan; Fa-yen)