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Gandara

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Gandara (Old Persian Gandâra): name of a satrapy of the ancient Achaemenid Empire, roughly equivalent to the valley of the river Cophen (modern Kabul). The Greeks called the western part this region Parapamisos, which may be derived from the old Old Persian name of the Hindu Kush mountain range, Upairisaena (mentioned in the Avesta, Yasna 10). Culturally, Gandara belonged to the Indian, not to the Persian World.

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