The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
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伽耶城 (Skt, Pali; Jpn Gaya-jo)
1) A city of the Magadha kingdom in ancient India, south of Pataliputra (present-day Patna) on the Ganges River.
Present-day Gaya is located in central Bihar, a state in northeastern India.
Today it is a center of Hindu belief that attracts many pilgrims.
There are numerous Hindu temples in the city, and the principal shrine is the Vishnu temple.
Gayawas formerly a center of Buddhism, but from the second through the fourth century, Hinduism gradually displaced Buddhism.
Near the city, however, are a number of sites associated with Shakyamuni Buddha, such as Buddhagaya(now Bodh Gaya, also called Buddh Gaya), where Shakyamuni attained enlightenment,
and Mount Gayashirsha (the hill now called Brahmayoni or Brahmajini), where the Buddha is believed to have preached.
2) Gayā-Kassapa; Kasyapa brother; Mahakashyapa