The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
The Hell Realm and in our World
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Hell is a horrible dimension of intense constant pain and torment where its beings are subjected to the most excruciating tortures inflicted by vengeful demons and beasts. The fiery heat of the hot hells corresponds to the passionate intensity of hatred and fear while the freezing coldness of the cold hells corresponds to the cold cruelty of hardheartedness and apathy.
Hel consist of sub-planes, each of which specializes in particular kind of karmic punishment appropriate to a certain kind of unwholesome action. Beings in hell either burn with rage or are tortured by anxiety.
A world war can be the equivalent of hell where violence, hatred and fear is everywhere. Being forced to face strong personal phobias such as flying in a plane or entering an unknown place can also be hellish experience.