The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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In this manuscript Naropa (or Naro) meets the "dark blue" (Skr.: nila: dark blue or black) Tilopa (or Tillo), a tantric master, who gives Naropa 12 "great" and 12 "small" tasks to do in Order to enlighten him to the inherent Emptiness/illusoriness of all things.
Naropa is depicted as the "abbott of Nalanda" (F. Wilhelm, Prüfung und Initiation im Buche Pausya und in der Biographie des Naropa, Wiesbaden 1965, p. 70), the university-Monastery in today's Bihar, India, that flourished until the sacking by Turkish and Afghan Muslim forces.
After Naropa and Tilopa met in Hemis they travelled back in the Direction of a certain Monastery in the now no longer existing kingdom of Maghada, called Otantra which has been identified as today's Otantapuri.
In his 1894 travel book, Russian journalist Nicolas Notovitch claims Hemis as the origin of an otherwise unknown gospel, the Life of Saint Issa, Best of the Sons of Men, in which Jesus is said to have traveled to India during his "lost years."
Norbert Klatt left open the possibility that Notovitch had genuinely been shown Tibetan texts relating to Jesus - but these were Tibetan Gospel portions translated by Heinrich August Jäschke decades earlier.
A raised dias with a richly cushioned seat with a finely painted small Tibetan table is placed with the ceremonial items - cups full of holy water, uncooked rice, tormas made of dough and butter and Incense sticks.
The ceremonies begin with an early morning Ritual atop the Gompa where, to the beat of drums and the resounding clash of cymbals and the Spiritual wail of pipes, the portrait of "Dadmokarpo" or "Rygyalsras Rimpoche" is then ceremoniously put on display for all to admire and worship.
The Mask Dances of Ladakh are referred collectively as chams Performance. Chams performance is essentially a part of Tantric tradition, performed only in those gompas which follow the Tantric Vajrayana teachings and the Monks perform tantric worship.