The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
King Trisong Detsen
|Please consider making little donation to help us expand the encyclopedia Donate Enjoy your readings here and have a wonderful day|
King Trisong Detsen (Tib. ཁྲི་སྲོང་ལྡེ་བཙན་, Wyl. khri srong lde btsan) or Trisong Deutsen [Déu tsen] (ཁྲི་སྲོང་ལྡེའུ་བཙན་, khri srong lde'u btsan) (742-c.800/755-797 according to the Chinese sources) – the thirty-eighth king of Tibet, second of the three great religious kings and one of the main disciples of Guru Rinpoche. It was due to his efforts that the great masters Shantarakshita and Guru Padmasambhava came from India and established Buddhism firmly in Tibet.
The Wives of Trisong Detsen
- Lhamo Tsen (ལྷ་མོ་བཙན་, lha mo btsan) from the Chim (མཆིམས, mchims) clan
- Changchub Drön (འབྱང་ཆུབ་སྒྲོན་, byang chub sgron) from the Dro (འབྲོ་, 'bro) clan
- Gyalmo Tsün (རྒྱལ་མོ་བཙུན་, rgyal mo btsun) from the Phoyong family
- Magyal Tsokarma (རྨ་རྒྱལ་མཚོ་སྐར་མ་, rma rgyal mtsho skar ma) from the Tsepong (ཚེ་སྤོང་, tshe spong) clan
- Yeshe Tsogyal from the Kharchen (མཁར་ཆེན, mkhar chen) family 
The Sons of Trisong Detsen
According to Erik Haarh, he had four sons:
- Mutri Tsenpo (མུ་ཁྲི་བཙན་པོ་, mu khri btsan po),
- Mune Tsenpo (མུ་ནེ་བཙན་པོ་, mu ne btsan po),
- Muruk Tsenpo (མུ་རུག་བཙན་པོ, mu rug btsan po) and
- Mutik Tsenpo (མུ་ཏིག་བཙན་པོ, mu tig btsan po) who became known as Tridé Songtsen (ཁྲི་ལྡེ་སྲོང་བཙན་, khri lde srong btsan) or Senalek (སད་ན་ལེགས, sad na legs.
In Ancient Tibet , it says that there were three sons:
- Mune Tsenpo,
- Desong (ལྡེ་སྲོང་, lde srong) aka Senalek, and
- the third son, who is called both Murug and Mutik.
- the eldest was named Mune Tsepo,
- the middle one Murup Tsepo, and
- the youngest Mutik Tsepo, or Senalek Jingyön.
The Daughter of Trisong Detsen
- Princess Pema Sel first died at the age of eight, but was brought back to life by Guru Rinpoche, and entrusted with the complete Khandro Nyingtik cycle by Guru Rinpoche. She was later reborn as the tertön Pema Lédrel Tsal, who revealed this terma cycle of teachings.
- Ancient Tibet, p.283
- And historic sources such as The Red Annals and The Banquet for the Wise.
- See Brandon Dotson, “Emperor” Mu rug btsan and the ’Phang thang ma Catalogue, JIATS vol. 3, 2007, for a summary of Haarh's research.
- Ancient Tibet, Dharma Publishing, 1986, page 283