The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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may denote: kama
- kāma-cchanda, 'sensuous desire', one of the 5 hindrances (nīvarana);
- kāma-rāga, sensuous lust', one of the ten fetters (samyojana);
- kāma-tanhā, 'sensuous craving', one of the 3 cravings (tanhā);
- kāma-vitakka, 'sensuous thought', one of the 3 wrong thoughts (micchā-sankappa; s. vitakka).
- Sense-desire is also one of the cankers (āsava) and clinging (upādāna).
"There are 5 cords of sensuality: the visible objects, cognizable by eye-consciousness, that are desirable, cherished, pleasant, lovely, sensuous and alluring; the sounds ... smells ... tastes ... bodily impressions cognizable by body-consciousness, that are desirable .... " (D.33; M.13, 26, 59, 66).
These two kinds of kāma are called
- 1. kilesa-kāma, i.e. kāma as a mental defilement,
- 2. vatthu-kāma, i.e. kāma as the object-base of sensuality; first in MNid.. I, p. 1, and frequently in the commentaries.
The peril and misery of sense-desire is often described in the texts, e.g. in stirring similes at M. 22, 54, and in the 'gradual instruction' (s. ānupubbī-kathā). See further M.13, M.45, M.75; Sn.v.766ff.; Dhp.186, 215.
The texts often stress the fact that what fetters man to the world of the senses are not the sense-organs nor the sense-objects but lustful desire (chandarāga). On this see A.VI.63; S.XXXV.122, 191. - (App.).