In the Buddha's time it was a prosperous place where provisions could easily be obtained (dabbasambhārasulabhā) (J.iv.310). Once when the Buddha was staying in the Veluvana at Kajangala, the lay followers there heard a sermon from the Buddha and went to the nun Kajangalā to have it explained in detail (A.v.54f).
In the Milindapañha (p.10), Kajangala is described as a brahmin village and is given as the place of Nāgasena's birth. In the Kapota Jātaka mention is made of Kajangala, and the scholiast (J.iii.226-7) explains that it may be the same as Benares. According to the scholiast of the Bhisa Jātaka (J.iv.311), the tree-spirit mentioned in that story was the chief resident monk in an old monastery in Kajangala, which monastery he repaired with difficulty during the time of Kassapa Buddha.
Kajangala is identified with the Kie-chu-hoh-khi-lo of Hiouen Thsang, which he describes as a district about two thousand li in circumference. (Beal., Bud. Records, ii.193, and n.; see also Cunningham, A.G.I.723). It may also be identical with the town Pundavardhana mentioned in the Divyāvadāna (p.21f). The Avadānasataka (ii.41) calls it Kacangalā.