The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Kātyāyana was a disciple of Gautama Buddha. In Sanskrit his name is Kātyāyana (कात्यायन) or Mahākātyāyana (महाकात्यायन); in Pāli Kaccāna (or Kaccāyana), or Mahākaccāna; and in Japanese 迦旃延 Kasennen. Katyayana; 迦旃延 (Skt; Pali Kacchayana or Kacchana; Jpn Kasennen); Also known as Mahakatyayana (Pali Mahakacchayana or Mahakacchana).One of Shakyamuni Buddha's ten major disciples, respected as foremost in debate.He was a native of Ujjayini, the capital of Avanti in west-central India. A Brahman by birth, he held the position of religious adviser to the ruler of state.
The first native of Avanti to become a disciple of the Buddha, he converted at Shravasti, where the Buddha was preaching.The ruler of Avanti had heard reports of Shakyamuni's teachings and sent Katyayana there to investigate.After becoming Shakyamuni's disciple, he returned to Avanti, where he converted the king and many others.In the Lotus Sutra, Katyayana is one of the four great voice-hearers who understood the Buddha's true intention through the parable of the three carts and the burning house in the sutra's "Simile and Parable" (third) chapter.The "Bestowal of Prophecy" (sixth) chapter predicts that in the future he will become a Buddha named Jambunada Gold Light.
Kātyāyana was born in a Brahmin family at Ujjayini (Ujjain) and received a classical Brahminical education studying the Vedas. Katyayana studied assiduously under Asita on Mount Vindhya, who had predicted that Prince Siddharta would become either a cakravartin, a great worldly ruler, or a Buddha. With a group of seven friends he invited the Buddha to visit, and gained enlightenment (bodhi) while listening to him preach. He was ordained, and made numerous converts in the state of Avanti. He is known as Phra Sangkajai in Thai Buddhism and portrayed as extremely portly.
- 1) Mahākassapa
- 2) Ānanda
- 3) Sāriputta
- 4) Subhuti
- 5) Purna(Punna)
- 6) Mahāmoggallāna
- 7) Mahākātyāyana,
- 8) Anuruddha
- 9) Upali
- 10) Rāhula
He was foremost in explaining Dharma.
Tradition attributes to Katyāyana the authorship of two late Pāli canonical texts Nettipakarana, a commentary on Buddhist doctrine; and peṭakopadesa, a treatise on exegetical methodology. However it may be more accurate to think of these texts being composed by a school descended from him.
In the Lotus Sutra
- Nyanaponika Thera, The Great Disciples of the Buddha: Their Lives, Their Works, Their Legacy (Wisdom Publications, 2003).
Also known as Kātyāyana (P. Kaccāna, Kaccāyana); Sanskrit name of one of the Buddha’s chief disciples and an eminent Arhat deemed foremost among the Buddha’s disciples in his ability to elaborate on the Buddha’s brief discourses.
According to tradition, he is the author of the Nettippakaraṇa and the Peṭakopadesa, which seek to provide the foundational principles that unify the sometimes variant teachings found in the suttas; these texts are some of the earliest antecedents of commentarial exegesis in the Pāli tradition and are the only commentaries included in the suttapiṭaka proper.
In the Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra, he is one of four arhats who understand the parable of the burning house and who rejoices in the teaching of the one vehicle (Ekayāna); later in the sūtra, the Buddha prophesies his eventual attainment of buddhahood.
The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism by Robert E. Buswell Jr. and Donald S. Lopez Jr.}