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Difference between revisions of "King Trisong Detsen"

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[[File:Trisong_Deutsen45.jpg|thumb|250px|]]
 
[[File:Trisong_Deutsen45.jpg|thumb|250px|]]
<poem>
 
 
[[King Trisong Detsen]] (Tib. {{BigTibetan|[[ཁྲི་སྲོང་ལྡེ་བཙན]]་}}, Wyl. ''[[khri srong lde btsan]]'') or [[Trisong Deutsen]] [Déu tsen] ({{BigTibetan|[[ཁྲི་སྲོང་ལྡེའུ་བཙན]]་}}, [[khri srong lde'u btsan]]) (742-c.800/755-797 according to the {{Wiki|Chinese}} sources) – the thirty-eighth [[king]] of [[Tibet]], second of the three great [[religious]] [[kings]] and one of the main [[disciples]] of [[Guru Rinpoche]]. It was due to his efforts that the great [[masters]] [[Shantarakshita]] and [[Guru Padmasambhava]] came from [[India]] and established [[Buddhism]] firmly in [[Tibet]].  
 
[[King Trisong Detsen]] (Tib. {{BigTibetan|[[ཁྲི་སྲོང་ལྡེ་བཙན]]་}}, Wyl. ''[[khri srong lde btsan]]'') or [[Trisong Deutsen]] [Déu tsen] ({{BigTibetan|[[ཁྲི་སྲོང་ལྡེའུ་བཙན]]་}}, [[khri srong lde'u btsan]]) (742-c.800/755-797 according to the {{Wiki|Chinese}} sources) – the thirty-eighth [[king]] of [[Tibet]], second of the three great [[religious]] [[kings]] and one of the main [[disciples]] of [[Guru Rinpoche]]. It was due to his efforts that the great [[masters]] [[Shantarakshita]] and [[Guru Padmasambhava]] came from [[India]] and established [[Buddhism]] firmly in [[Tibet]].  
  
The Wives of [[Trisong Detsen]]
+
==The Wives of Trisong Detsen==
  
    [[Lhamo Tsen]] ({{BigTibetan|[[ལྷ་མོ་བཙན་]]}}, [[lha mo btsan]]) from the [[Chim]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མཆིམས]]}}, [[mchims]]) {{Wiki|clan}}
+
*    [[Lhamo Tsen]] ({{BigTibetan|[[ལྷ་མོ་བཙན་]]}}, [[lha mo btsan]]) from the [[Chim]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མཆིམས]]}}, [[mchims]]) {{Wiki|clan}}
    [[Changchub Drön]] ({{BigTibetan|[[འབྱང་ཆུབ་སྒྲོན་]]}}, [[byang chub sgron]]) from the [[Dro]] ({{BigTibetan|[[འབྲོ་]]}}, '[[bro]]) {{Wiki|clan}}
+
*    [[Changchub Drön]] ({{BigTibetan|[[འབྱང་ཆུབ་སྒྲོན་]]}}, [[byang chub sgron]]) from the [[Dro]] ({{BigTibetan|[[འབྲོ་]]}}, [['bro]]) {{Wiki|clan}}
    [[Gyalmo Tsün]] ({{BigTibetan|[[རྒྱལ་མོ་བཙུན་]]}}, [[rgyal mo btsun]]) from the [[Phoyong]] family
+
*    [[Gyalmo Tsün]] ({{BigTibetan|[[རྒྱལ་མོ་བཙུན་]]}}, [[rgyal mo btsun]]) from the [[Phoyong]] family
    [[Magyal Tsokarma]] ({{BigTibetan|[[རྨ་རྒྱལ་མཚོ་སྐར་མ་]]}}, [[rma rgyal mtsho skar ma]]) from the [[Tsepong]] ({{BigTibetan|[[ཚེ་སྤོང་]]}}, [[tshe spong]]) {{Wiki|clan}}
+
*    [[Magyal Tsokarma]] ({{BigTibetan|[[རྨ་རྒྱལ་མཚོ་སྐར་མ་]]}}, [[rma rgyal mtsho skar ma]]) from the [[Tsepong]] ({{BigTibetan|[[ཚེ་སྤོང་]]}}, [[tshe spong]]) {{Wiki|clan}}
    [[Yeshe Tsogyal]] from the [[Kharchen]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མཁར་ཆེན]]}}, [[mkhar chen)]] family
+
*    [[Yeshe Tsogyal]] from the [[Kharchen]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མཁར་ཆེན]]}}, [[mkhar chen)]] family <ref>{{Nolinking|Ancient Tibet, p.283}}</ref>
  
The Sons of [[Trisong Detsen]]
+
==The Sons of [[Trisong Detsen]]==
  
 
There is some {{Wiki|confusion}} in the various histories regarding the number and the names of [[Trisong Detsen's]] sons.
 
There is some {{Wiki|confusion}} in the various histories regarding the number and the names of [[Trisong Detsen's]] sons.
  
According to Erik Haarh, he had four sons:
+
According to Erik Haarh<ref>{{Nolinking|And historic sources such as ''The Red Annals'' and ''The Banquet for the Wise''.}}</ref>, he had four sons:
  
    [[Mutri Tsenpo]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མུ་ཁྲི་བཙན་པོ་]]}}, [[mu khri btsan po]]),
+
*    [[Mutri Tsenpo]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མུ་ཁྲི་བཙན་པོ་]]}}, [[mu khri btsan po]]),
    [[Mune Tsenpo]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མུ་ནེ་བཙན་པོ]]་}}, [[mu ne btsan po]]),
+
*    [[Mune Tsenpo]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མུ་ནེ་བཙན་པོ]]་}}, [[mu ne btsan po]]),
    [[Muruk Tsenpo]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མུ་རུག་བཙན་པོ]]}}, [[mu rug btsan po]]) and
+
*    [[Muruk Tsenpo]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མུ་རུག་བཙན་པོ]]}}, [[mu rug btsan po]]) and
    [[Mutik Tsenpo]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མུ་ཏིག་བཙན་པོ]]}}, [[mu tig btsan po]]) who became known as [[Tridé Songtsen]] ({{BigTibetan|[[ཁྲི་ལྡེ་སྲོང་བཙན་]]}}, [[khri lde srong btsan]]) or [[Senalek]] ({{BigTibetan|[[སད་ན་ལེགས]]}}, [[sad na legs]].  
+
*    [[Mutik Tsenpo]] ({{BigTibetan|[[མུ་ཏིག་བཙན་པོ]]}}, [[mu tig btsan po]]) who became known as [[Tridé Songtsen]] ({{BigTibetan|[[ཁྲི་ལྡེ་སྲོང་བཙན་]]}}, [[khri lde srong btsan]]) or [[Senalek]] ({{BigTibetan|[[སད་ན་ལེགས]]}}, [[sad na legs]].  
  
The situation is made more complex because later [[Tibetan]] sources use several of these names interchangeably. [3]
+
The situation is made more complex because later [[Tibetan]] sources use several of these names interchangeably.<ref>{{Nolinking|See Brandon Dotson, “Emperor” Mu rug btsan and the ’Phang thang ma Catalogue, JIATS vol. 3, 2007, for a summary of Haarh's research.}}</ref>
  
In {{Wiki|Ancient}} [[Tibet]] , it says that there were three sons:
+
In Ancient Tibet<ref>{{Nolinking|''Ancient Tibet'', Dharma Publishing, 1986, page 283}}</ref> , it says that there were three sons:
  
    [[Mune Tsenpo]],
+
*    [[Mune Tsenpo]],
    [[Desong]] ({{BigTibetan|[[ལྡེ་སྲོང་]]}}, [[lde srong]]) aka [[Senalek]], and
+
*    [[Desong]] ({{BigTibetan|[[ལྡེ་སྲོང་]]}}, [[lde srong]]) aka [[Senalek]], and
    the third son, who is called both [[Murug]] and [[Mutik]].  
+
*    the third son, who is called both [[Murug]] and [[Mutik]].  
  
 
According to [[Dudjom Rinpoche]]'s {{Wiki|History}} of the [[Dharma]] ({{BigTibetan|[[བདུད་འཇོམས་ཆོས་འཇུང་]]}}, Wyl. [[bdud 'joms chos 'jung]], [[King Trisong Detsen]] had three sons:
 
According to [[Dudjom Rinpoche]]'s {{Wiki|History}} of the [[Dharma]] ({{BigTibetan|[[བདུད་འཇོམས་ཆོས་འཇུང་]]}}, Wyl. [[bdud 'joms chos 'jung]], [[King Trisong Detsen]] had three sons:
  
    the eldest was named [[Mune Tsepo]],
+
*    the eldest was named [[Mune Tsepo]],
    the middle one [[Murup Tsepo]], and
+
*    the middle one [[Murup Tsepo]], and
    the youngest [[Mutik Tsepo]], or [[Senalek Jingyön]].  
+
*    the youngest [[Mutik Tsepo]], or [[Senalek Jingyön]].  
 +
 
 +
==The Daughter of [[Trisong Detsen]]==
 +
 
 +
*    {{Wiki|Princess}} [[Pema Sel]] first [[died]] at the age of eight, but was brought back to [[life]] by [[Guru Rinpoche]], and entrusted with the complete [[Khandro Nyingtik]] cycle by [[Guru Rinpoche]]. She was later [[reborn]] as the [[tertön]] [[Pema Lédrel Tsal]], who revealed this [[terma]] cycle of teachings.
 +
{{reflist}}
 +
{{RigpaWiki}}
  
The Daughter of [[Trisong Detsen]]
 
  
    {{Wiki|Princess}} [[Pema Sel]] first [[died]] at the age of eight, but was brought back to [[life]] by [[Guru Rinpoche]], and entrusted with the complete [[Khandro Nyingtik]] cycle by [[Guru Rinpoche]]. She was later [[reborn]] as the [[tertön]] [[Pema Lédrel Tsal]], who revealed this [[terma]] cycle of teachings.
 
</poem>
 
{{R}}
 
[http://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php?title=King_Trisong_Detsen www.rigpawiki.org]
 
[[Category:Buddhist Terms]]
 
 
[[Category:Trisong Detsen]]
 
[[Category:Trisong Detsen]]

Latest revision as of 17:11, 10 May 2014

Trisong Deutsen45.jpg

King Trisong Detsen (Tib. ཁྲི་སྲོང་ལྡེ་བཙན, Wyl. khri srong lde btsan) or Trisong Deutsen [Déu tsen] (ཁྲི་སྲོང་ལྡེའུ་བཙན, khri srong lde'u btsan) (742-c.800/755-797 according to the Chinese sources) – the thirty-eighth king of Tibet, second of the three great religious kings and one of the main disciples of Guru Rinpoche. It was due to his efforts that the great masters Shantarakshita and Guru Padmasambhava came from India and established Buddhism firmly in Tibet.

The Wives of Trisong Detsen

The Sons of Trisong Detsen

There is some confusion in the various histories regarding the number and the names of Trisong Detsen's sons.

According to Erik Haarh[2], he had four sons:

The situation is made more complex because later Tibetan sources use several of these names interchangeably.[3]

In Ancient Tibet[4] , it says that there were three sons:

According to Dudjom Rinpoche's History of the Dharma (བདུད་འཇོམས་ཆོས་འཇུང་, Wyl. bdud 'joms chos 'jung, King Trisong Detsen had three sons:

The Daughter of Trisong Detsen

Footnotes

  1. Ancient Tibet, p.283
  2. And historic sources such as The Red Annals and The Banquet for the Wise.
  3. See Brandon Dotson, “Emperor” Mu rug btsan and the ’Phang thang ma Catalogue, JIATS vol. 3, 2007, for a summary of Haarh's research.
  4. Ancient Tibet, Dharma Publishing, 1986, page 283

Source

RigpaWiki:King Trisong Detsen