Lin-chi school; 臨済宗; (PY Linjizong; Jpn Rinzai-shu);
A branch of the Zen (Ch'an) school in China.
It is counted as one of the five branches of the Southern school of Zen.
The Lin-chi school was founded by I-hsüan (d. 867; 866 by another account) of Lin-chi-yüan temple.
Though Chinese Zen is said to have begun with Bodhidharma, who lived in the fifth and sixth centuries, it did not become firmly established until the days of its sixth patriarch, Huineng (638-713).
The Lin-chi school is in the lineage of Huai-jang, a disciple of Huineng.
During the Northern Sung dynasty (960-1127), two more schools, the Huang-lung and the Yang-ch'i, broke away from the Lin-chi school.
Hui-nan founded the former, and Fang-hui, the latter. These two founders were disciples of Ch'u-yüan, the seventh in the lineage of the Lin-chi school.
See also Rinzai school.