The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Lokeshvararaja(Lokesvararaja), Skt., roughly “king of the world”, buddha of a previous age before whom - Amitabha in one of his lives took forty eight vows to become a buddha. Lokottara Skt. (Pali, lokuttara), roughly “su- pramundane”; all that is connected with the path to liberation or that is directed toward the attainment of nirvana is regarded as supramundane.
In particular lokottara is a designation for the individual stages of the “supramundane path” ( - »arya-marga), i. e., the path and fruit of stream-entry ( - »shrota-apanna), of once-returning ( - ’ sakridagamin), never-returning ( anagamiri), and of arhatship ( - arhat, - nirvana).
lokeśvara. (T. ’jig rten dbang phyug; C. shizizai; J. sejizai; K. sejajae 世自在). In Sanskrit, “lord of the world”; a polysemous term in a Buddhist context. Lokeśvara is one of the many titles of respect given to a buddha. The term also denotes several different divinities (Deva) who are worshipped or called upon for favor; many of these gods were assimilated from the ancient Indian pantheon. Thus, the term can refer to any number of deities that are invoked by Buddhist practitioners. Lokeśvara is also one of the common variant names of the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. Finally, Lokeśvararāja is the name of one of the fifty-three buddhas of the past mentioned in the Sukhāvatīvyūhasūtra and the one who gave the prediction of future buddhahood to Dharmākara, the eventual buddha Amitābha.
The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism by Robert E. Buswell Jr. and Donald S. Lopez Jr.