The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Longmen caves: stone sculptures
series of Chinese cave temples carved into the rock of a high riverbank south of the city of Luoyang, in Henan province. The cave complex, designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2000, is one of China’s most popular tourist destinations.
The Buddha images—clothed in the costume of the Chinese scholar, with a sinuous cascade of drapery falling over a flattened figure—provide an example of what is known as the Longmen style, in contrast to the blockier Yungang style (see Northern Wei sculpture).
This truly monumental temple was carved out over the three-year period between 672 and 675.
The square plan measures about 100 feet (30 metres) on each side, and a colossal seated Buddha figure upon the back wall, flanked by attendant figures, is more than 56 feet (17 metres) high.