The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
|Please consider making little donation to help us expand the encyclopedia Donate Enjoy your readings here and have a wonderful day|
The Satipatthana Sutta (MN: 10) and the Kayagata-sati Sutta (MN: 119) include sections on the cemetery contemplations which focus on nine stages of corpse decomposition 'Nine Cemetery Contemplations'(Pali: nava sīvathikā-manasikāra). These are:
A corpse that is "swollen, blue and festering."
A corpse that is "being eaten by crows, hawks, vultures, dogs, jackals or by different kinds of worms."
A corpse that is "reduced to a skeleton together with (some) flesh and blood held in by the tendons."
A corpse that is "reduced to a blood-besmeared skeleton without flesh but held in by the tendons."
A corpse that is "reduced to a skeleton held in by the tendons but without flesh and not besmeared with blood."
A corpse that is "reduced to bones gone loose, scattered in all directions."
A corpse that is "reduced to bones, white in color like a conch."
A corpse that is "reduced to bones more than a year old, heaped together."
A corpse that is "reduced to bones gone rotten and become dust."
The Satipatthana Sutta instructs the meditator to reflect thus: 'This body of mine, too, is of the same nature as that body, is going to be like that body, and has not got past the condition of becoming like that body.'
"Just as when a person whose turban or head was on fire would put forth extra desire, effort, diligence, endeavor, undivided mindfulness, & alertness to put out the fire on his turban or head, in the same way the monk should put forth extra desire, effort, diligence, endeavor, undivided mindfulness, & alertness for the abandoning of those very same evil, unskillful qualities." Tibetan Buddhism
Death is inevitable.
Our life span is decreasing continuously.
Death will come, whether or not we are prepared for it.
Human life expectancy is uncertain.
There are many causes of death.
The human body is fragile and vulnerable.
At the time of death, our material resources are not of use to us.
Our loved ones cannot keep us from death.
Our own body cannot help us at the time of our death.
This is the theme of the popular Great Liberation through hearing during the intermediate state (Tibetan Book of the Dead).