But some deaths are sudden and unexpected.
The different reactions to a sudden or tragic death are well illustrated by what happened when the Buddha died. ‘Those monks who were not yet freed from the passions, wept, tore their hair, threw up their arms and rolled about on the ground ....
But those monks who were free from craving, endured mindfully and clearly aware, saying, “All compounded things are impermanent so what is the use of all this?”’ (D.II,157). This first type of reaction might be called demonstrative grieving and the second quiet grieving.
Sometimes this first type of grieving is due in part to social expectations or the desire to attract sympathy or attention. When genuine, it serves as a catharsis and a way to channel emotions into non-destructive paths.
Of course, better than strategies to deal with grief after it arises, is to prepare for it before it does.
An acceptance of the truth of rebirth can likewise be helpful. Understanding that our deceased loved ones had a life and a family before we came into contact with them, and that they will probably go on to a new life with a new family when they are reborn, can likewise lessen the pain of grief.
However, at least some sense of sadness at losing a loved one is inevitable. Even the Buddha experienced mild grief, or at least a sense of loss, after his two best friends and chief disciples, Moggallāna and Sāriputta, passed away. He said: ‘Monks, this assembly seems empty to me now that Moggallāna and Sāriputta have attained final Nirvāṇa.’ (S.V,164).