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Nan-yüeh

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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Nan-yüeh
南岳 (515–577) (PY Nanyue; Jpn Nangaku)

    Also known as Hui-ssu. T'ient'ai's teacher and the third patriarch of the T'ient'ai school in China, in the tradition that counts Nagarjuna as the school's founder.

A native of Nan-yü-chou in north China, he entered the priesthood in 529 and concentrated on the study of the Lotus Sutra.

Later he learned from Hui-wen the meditation for observing the mind and mastered the Lotus meditation, a meditation based on the Lotus Sutra.

In 548 a malicious priest who had opposed Nan-yüeh in debate poisoned him, and he nearly died.

In 553 another rival priest poisoned him.

He survived this attempt, too, and in the next year moved to K'ai-yüeh-ssu temple in Kuang-chou where he lectured on the Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra.

In 555 he moved to Mount Ta-su in Kuang-chou.

There he devoted himself to lecturing on the Wisdom and the Lotus sutras and engaged in the practice of the Lotus Sutra and the training of his disciples; one of those disciples was T'ient'ai.

In 568 he moved to Nan-yüeh, the mountain after which he gained the name the Great Teacher Nan-yüeh, and received the title great meditation master from the emperor.

His works include The Mahayana Method of Concentration and Insight and On the Peaceful Practices of the Lotus Sutra.

Source

www.sgilibrary.org