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Paduma-niraya

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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Paduma,(nt.) (cp.Epic Sk.padma,not in RV.) the lotus Nelumbium speciosum.

It is usually mentioned in two varieties,viz.ratta° and seta°,i.e.red and white lotus,so at J.V,37; SnA 125; as ratta° at VvA.191; PvA.157.

The latter seems to be the more prominent variety; but paduma also includes the 3 other colours (blue,yellow,pink?),since it frequently has the designation of pañcavaṇṇa-paduma (the 5 colours however are nowhere specified),e.g.at J.I,222; V,337; VI,341; VvA.41.

It is further classified as satapatta and sahassapatta-p.,viz.lotus with 100 & with 1,000 leaves:VvA.191.

Compared with other species at J.V,37,where 7 kinds are enumd as uppala (blue,red & white),paduma (red & white),kumuda (white) and kallahāra.See further kamala and kuvalaya.-- (1) the lotus or lotus flower M.III,93; S.I,138,204; A.I,145; II,86 sq.; III,26,239; Sn.71,213; J.I,51 (daṇḍa° N.of a plant,cp.Sk.daṇḍotphala),76 (khandha°,latā°,daṇḍaka°,olambaka°); IV,3; VI,564; Dh.458; Nd1 135; Vv 354 (=puṇḍarīka VvA.161); 4412 (nānā-paduma-sañchanna); Pv.II,120 (id.); II,122 (id.); Pug.63; Vism.256 (ratta°); DA.I,219; KhA 53; SnA 97; Sdhp.359.-- (2) N.of a purgatory (°niraya) S.I,151--152; Sn.677; p.126; SnA 475 sq.

--acchara (heavenly) lotus-maiden SnA 469.--uttara N.of Buddha SnA 341,455 etc.--kaṇṇikā a peak in the shape of a lotus VvA.181.--kalāpa a bunch of lotuses VvA.191.--gabbha the calyx of a l.ThA.68 (°vaṇṇa).--patta a l.leaf Nd1 135 (=pokkhara); DhA.IV,166 (=pokkhara-patta).--puñja a l.cluster J.III,55.--puppha a lotus flower Nd2 393; SnA 78.--rāga “lotus hued,” a ruby VvA.276.--vyūha one of the 3 kinds of fighting,viz.p.°; cakka°,sakaṭa° J.II,406= IV.343 (cp.Sk.p.-vyūha-samādhi a kind of concentration,& see J trsln II.275).--sara a lotus pond J.I,221; V,337; SnA 141.(Page 410)

Source

http://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/paduma-niraya/index.html