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Shamarpa lineage

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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The Shamarpa lineage==


The successive Shamarpa reincarnations are listed in "The Garland of Moon Water Crystal" by the 8th Tai Situpa Chökyi Jungne and Belo Tsewang Künkhyab.


He also established many smaller monasteries.

During his travels outside Tibet, Chökyi Tragpa built many monasteries, among others there are four monasteries in Bhutan and he was the first of the Shamar reincarnates to visit Nepal where he built a small monastery in Swayambhunath, one of the country’s most sacred places.

Upon returning to his home-land, he acted as the king of Tibet for a period of twelve years and he ruled the country on the basis of strict adherence to Buddhist principles.


He received teachings and instructions from the 11th Karmapa before his death.

The Shamarpa in turn, recognized and enthroned 12th Karmapa as the 12th Karmapa and acted as his Root-guru.

A dispute over his claim to his stepbrother's material inheritance led to an armed conflict in which the Shamarpa conspired with the Nepalese Gurkha army in 1788.

This, and other disputes between the Gelug and Kagyu schools led to the exile from Tibet of the Shamarpa and a legal ban by the Tibetan government on further Shamarpa incarnations.

This ban remained in place until after the Dalai Lama lost power in Tibet during the 1950s, although it was later revealed that the Karmapa had recognized reincarnations of the Shamarpa secretly during the intervening period.


  • Unknown, presumed forced into hiding by the Tibetan government.


Controversy

In 1792, the Tibetan government found the 10th Shamarpa guilty of inciting a war between Tibet and Nepal.

He was exiled from Tibet and a ban placed on his future incarnations, thereby abolishing the Shamarpa line.

In 1963, following a request from the 16th Karmapa, the Tibetan Government in Exile lifted the ban.


Present Shamarpa , 14th Shamarpa , Mipham Chokyi Lodro

The present 14th Shamarpa is Mipham Chokyi Lodro, born in Derge, Tibet in 1952.

At age four he was recognized by his uncle the 16th Karmapa. He remained with the 16th Karmapa until his death in 1981.

He received the entire cycle of Kagyu teachings from H.H. 16th Karmapa.

After the death of the 16th Karmapa, Shamarpa recognized Thaye Dorje as the 17th Karmapa in 1994.

His choice is backed by great masters as Chobkye Tri Rinpoche, Lopön Chechu Rinpoche, Lama Gendün Rinpoche, the 16th Karmapa's european representative Jigme Rinpoche and many others.

Ogyen Trinley Dorje is held to be the 17th Karmapa by other major teachers of the Karma Kagyu lineage (including

(see Karmapa controversy).

The 14th Shamarpa presently resides in India.

Source

Wikipedia:Sharmapa