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Rabjung

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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rabjung (Tib; Skt: pravrajya)
<poem>
A monk taking the five root vows of

not killing,
not lying, not stealing,
not committing sexual misconduct and
not becoming intoxicated and the three renunciate vows of committing to leave behind lay clothes and signs, wear the robes of an ordained person and shave the head, and follow the teachings of the Buddha.


A Tibetan year is properly identified by three parts. The first two, the Animal and Element, correspond roughly to similar identifiers used in the Chinese calendar. The third part is the Rabjung (rab byung, rab byung). The Rabjung are 60-year cycles, the first of which began in 1027 C.E. We are currently in the 17th Rabjung, which began on February 28, 1987.

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Unfortunately, pre-modern Tibetan literature doesn't always identify dates with all three of these parts — often only the animal and element are explicitly mentioned (and sometimes not even these are given). However, if you can narrow the author's dates to within a century or so, then it's not hard to figure out the rabjung for yourself.

Each year of a Rabjung cycle spans two Western years. This is because the Tibetan New Year or Losar (lo gsar, lo gsar) falls in either February or March.


Calendrical cycle or Sexagenary cycle (Wyl. rab byung; Tib. rabjung) — the sixty year cycle followed in the Tibetan calendar, which is a complete cycle according to Tibetan astrology.

Accordingly in the Tibetan system, years are identified by one of the 60 names formed with an element (earth, water, wood, and iron) and an animal (hare, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, bird, dog, pig, mouse, ox, and tiger) identified, and the number of the sexagenary cycle. The first sexagenary cycle was in 1027 A.D. when this Tibetan dating system was instituted by Lotsawa Dawa Özer. We are now in the 17th cycle. So for example, the year 1959 was 'approximately' the Earth Pig year of the 16th cycle. 'Approximately' because the Tibetan New Year is usually somewhere between end of January and beginning of March. So the first days of January 1959 where still in the Earth Dog year of the 16th cycle (the 32nd year of a sexagenary cycle) while January 1960 was part of the Tibetan Earth Pig year (the 33rd year).

www.rigpawiki.org

 1) me yos fire rabbit year, 1st of rabjung;
 2) rabjung;
 3) renounce the householder's life and take monastic vows;
 4) monk/ nun;
 4); 5) renunciate, hopelessness;
 6) [fully] ordained/ ordination;
 7) attain excellence;
 8) lay-vows [IW]

ordination of renunciation, division of time (60 years), renounced perfectly, he that has taken orders, clerical person, name of 1st year of cycle of 60 years, SA rab tu 'byung ba, rab tu byung ba, renunciate, the sixty-year cycle in the Tibetan calendar, sixty year cycles [JV]

renunciate. ordination of a renunciate lay-vows. monks Syn rab tu byung ba renunciate, homelessness. the first year Syn me mo yos fully ordained attain excellence. Syn khyim nas khyim med par rab tu byung;
 1) monks Syn rab tu byung ba.
 2) renunciate, homelessness.
 3) the first year Syn me mo yos
 4) fully ordained attain excellence. ordination of a renunciate lay-vows. Syn khyim nas khyim med par rab tu byung; monks; ordained; a monk

 1) me yos fire rabbit year, 1st of rabjung;
 2) rabjung;
 3) renounce the householder's life and take monastic vows;
 4) monk/ nun; 4);
 5) renunciate, hopelessness;
 6) [fully] ordained/ ordination;
 7) attain excellence;
 8) lay-vows [IW]

ordination of renunciation, division of time (60 years), renounced perfectly, he that has taken orders, clerical person, name of 1st year of cycle of 60 years, SA rab tu 'byung ba, rab tu byung ba, renunciate, the sixty-year cycle in the Tibetan calendar, sixty year cycles [JV]

renunciate. ordination of a renunciate lay-vows. monks Syn rab tu byung ba renunciate, homelessness. the first year Syn me mo yos fully ordained attain excellence. Syn khyim nas khyim med par rab tu byung;
  1) monks Syn rab tu byung ba.
  2) renunciate, homelessness.
  3) the first year Synme mo yos
  4) fully ordained attain excellence. ordination of a renunciate lay-vows. Syn khyim nas khyim med par rab tu byung; monks; ordained; a monk [RY]
 

rywiki.tsadra.org </poem>

Source

www.phlonx.com