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Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Sakya Trizin (Tibetan: ས་སྐྱ་ཁྲི་འཛིན།, ZYPY: Sa'gya Chizin, literally "Sakya Throne Holder"; Chinese: 萨迦法王 or 萨迦崔津) or Sa'gya Gongma Rinboqê (གོང་མ་རིན་པོ་ཆེ།) is the traditional title of the head of the Sakya Order of Tibetan Buddhism.
A short biography
Their youngest son, the present Sakya Trizin, was born in the Sixteenth Rabjung* in the year of The Wood Bird on the first day of the eight-month which is September 7th, 1945. He was born at the Sakya Palace of Tsedong.
Later, when his father gave him his first major initiation of “The Nine Deities of Amitayus”, he was given his present name Ngawang Kunga Thegchen Palber Thrinley Samphel Wangyi Gyalpo.
When the family returned to the main Sakya monastery the next year there was an extensive celebration of the anniversary of his birth. He received the major initiation of Vajra Kilaya and many other profound teachings from his father.
There, at the age of five, he received “The Common and Uncommon Lamdre” and many other profound teachings, bestowed upon him by his main root guru the great Ngor abbot, Vajradhara Ngawang Lodroe Zhenphen Nyingpo.
At the age of eleven he made another pilgrimage to Lhasa during which he received Dharma instructions in the Potala from His Holiness the Dalai Lama. There, before a large audience, he gave an extensive explanation of the Mandala offering due to which his wisdom came to be proclaimed throughout Tibet.
During this period, from Jamyang Khyentse Chokyi Lodro, he received many tantric initiations and teachings according to the Sakya tradition as well as the teachings and initiations of the Dzogchen Lineage.
In 1959, at the age of fourteen, he was formally enthroned as the Sakya Trizin, beginning with a seven day Mahakala ritual followed by an elaborate three day enthronement ceremony during which representatives of His Holiness the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan Government were in attendance.
On many different occasions in Tibet, as well as in India, His Holiness received extensive philosophical teaching in Logic, Abhidharma, Prajna Paramita and The Clarification of the Three Vows from many great scholars like the abbots Dosep Thupten, Tritso Rinchen and Serjong Appey.
From the last of them, he also received a thorough and detailed explanation of The Hevajra Root Tantra and many related teachings.
From one of the four Ngor abbots, Phendhe Khen Rinpoche, he received the initiation and explanation of The Yamantaka in the Ra Lotsawa tradition as well as The Collected Writings of Ngorchen Konchog Lhundrub.
During the years 1971 and 72, he received the initiations from “The Collection of All Tantras”, “The Collected Writing of Ngorchen Kunga Sangpo”, “The Uncommon Lamdre from the Tsarpa Tradition” and “The One Hundred Teachings of the Jonang Tradition” from Chogye Trichen Rinpoche, Ngawang Khyenrab Legshey Gyatso.
In 1978, he received the complete reading transmission of “The Collected Works of the Five Great Founders of Sakyapa Tradition” and “The Collected Tantric Works of the Omniscient Teacher Gorampa” from the Lord of Refuge Dezhung Rinpoche.
In 1979, his younger son Gyana Vajra Rinpoche was born.
In order to promote higher education and extensive philosophical training and to maintain the living transmission of the Sakyapa teachings and commentaries, His Holiness requested his own tutor, the most venerable Khenpo Appey Rinpoche, to establish the Sakya College and to be the Dean of the college.
Through establishment of the Sakya College, His Holiness has revitalized both the sutric and tantric traditions of the Tibetan Buddhism and ensured the continuity of a new generation of well trained teachers and practitioners.
From a very young age he has undertaken many retreats and has given many initiations such as “The Upper and The Lower Initiations of Vajrakilaya”.
So far, he has given teachings in America, Australia, Canada, England, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Monaco, Mongolia, Nepal, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Thailand.
This is evident in the books he has written. Until the present day, he has written two volumes containing the detailed list of all the teachings he has received from various masters and another volume enumerating the works of the great masters of the Sakyapa Order.
He has also written an autobiography of two volumes and another in a brief version.
In short, His Holiness Sakya Trizin upholds the entire Buddhist doctrines and has spread it far and wide throughout the world. He has been an unfailing source of wisdom and compassion for all of his Dharma students.
Most of the time when he is not on a teaching tour and when he is not engaged in other religious commitments, he lives in Rajpur, Dehradun, at the Sakya Dolma Phodrang, and extends his infinite compassion and blessings to a stream of devotee everyday.
His Holiness Sakya Trizin (Ngawang Kunga Tekchen Palbar Sampel Wangi Gyalpo) Tib. ས་སྐྱ་ཁྲི་འཛིན་, sa skya khri 'dzin, (b. September 7th 1945, 1st day of the 8th lunar month of the Wood Bird year) (called by Tibetans ས་སྐྱ་གོང་མ་རིན་པོ་ཆེ་, Wyl. sa skya gong ma rin po che) is the revered throne holder of the Sakya order of Tibetan Buddhism.
His elder sister is Jetsün Kushok Chimey Luding.
Teachings & Empowerments Given to the Rigpa Sangha
- 15 August-3 September 1978, Dzogchen Orgyen Chöling, London, UK—teaches on Mahayana and Vajrayana in the context of Lamdré.
- October 1984—spends eight days at the London Rigpa centre; gives the empowerments of Manjushri and Vajrakilaya and teaches on 'The Triple Vision', 'The Teaching of Buddha in Everyday Life' and the 'Nature of Mind'.
- 28-30 March 1989—teaches at Cornwall retreat, UK; gives Vajrakilaya & Manjushri empowerments.
- 3-4 April 1989—teachings in Paris.
- October 1991—gives the Khön family lineage empowerment of Vajrakilaya in the London centre. His monks perform the sacred dances associated with the ritual at the Shaw Theatre.
- May 1995—H.H. Sakya Trizin and Jetsün Kushok Chimey Luding visit Rigpa London. Teachings on Parting from the Four Attachments are given. 21 May, H.H. Sakya Trizin gives a Vajrakilaya empowerment.
- 14-15 September 1996, Paris, Salle Adyar, 'The Healing Power of the Mind' event—teaches on healing in the context of the Four Noble Truths and gives a Vajrasattva empowerment.
- 28-29 September 1996, Lerab Ling, 'Wisdom and Compassion' event—teachings on the heart and essence of the Mahayana, and gives Chenrezik and Manjushri empowerments.
- His Holiness Sakya Trizin, Freeing the Heart and Mind—Introduction to the Buddhist Path: Part 1, Wisdom Publications
- Sandra Penny-Dimri,'The Lineage of His Holiness Sakya Trizin Ngawang Kunga' in The Tibet Journal, Vol.20 No.4 Winter 1995
- Prayer for the Long Life of His Holiness Sakya Trizin
- Three Wisdoms—An Interview with H.H. Sakya Trizin
- Throneholders of the Sakya school
- H.H. Sakya Trizin's Official website
- Longer Biography
- Video of the visit of His Holiness Sakya Trizin to Lerab Ling in June 2007
The Sakya Order of Tibetan Buddhism was founded in 1073, when Khon Konchog Gyalpo (a.k.a. Kön Gönqog Gyäbo), a member of Tibet’s noble Khön (Koin) family, established a monastery in the region of Sakya, Tibet, which became the headquarters of the Sakya Order of Tibetan Buddhism.
Current Sakya Trizin
His religious name is Ngawang Kunga Tegchen Palbar Trinley Samphel Wangyi Gyalpo. H.H. Sakya Trizin is considered second only to His Holiness the Dalai Lama in the spiritual hierarchy of Tibetan Buddhism.
He continued intensive training from his main teacher Ngawang Lodroe Shenpen Nyingpo and many other famous Tibetan scholars, studying extensively in both the esoteric and exoteric Buddhist traditions.
He founded and directly guides a number of institutions, including Sakya Monastery in Rajpur, Sakya Institute, Sakya College, Sakya Nunnery, Sakya College for Nuns, Sakya Tibetan Settlement, Sakya Hospital, dozens of other monasteries in Tibet, Nepal, and India, and numerous Dharma Centers in many countries.
and also transmitted major initiation cycles such as Collection of All the Tantras, and the Collection of all the Sadhanas, which contain almost all of the empowerments for the esoteric practices of the various schools of Tibetan Buddhism to hundreds of lineage holders in the next generation of Buddhist teachers.
- Because the previous generations subjugated the rakshas (demons), the family became the Family of Conquerors (Khon gyi dung shortened to Khön) and therefore a royal family.
- Khön Bar Kye
- Khön Jekundag, minister of Trisong Detsen, student of Padmasambhava
- Khön Lu'i Wangpo Srungwa
- Khön Dorje Rinchen
- Khön Sherab Yontan
- Khön Yontan Jungne
- Khön Tsugtor Sherab
- Khön Gekyab
- Khön Getong
- Khön Balpo
- Khön Shakya Lodro
- Sherab Tsultrim
- Khon Konchog Gyalpo founded the monastery in Sakya in 1073, and therefore the lineage was renamed Sakya.
|Name||Biographical data||Tenure||Tibetan name|
|1.||Khon Konchog Gyalpo||1034–1102||1073–1102|
|2.||Bari Lotsawa Rinchen Drag||1040–1111||1103–1110|
|3.||Tsewa Chenpo Sachen Kunga Nyingpo||1092–1158||1111–1158|
|4.||Loppon Rinpoche Sonam Tsemo||1142–1182||1159–1171|
|5.||[[Jetsun Rinpoche Dragpa Gyaltsen||1147–1216||1172–1215|
|6.||Choeje Sakya Pandita||1182–1251||1216–1243|
|6a.||regent of Sakya Pandita||1243–1264|
|7.||Drogön Chögyal Phagpa||1235–1280||1265–1266|
|7a.||Drogön Chögyal Phagpa 2nd reign||1276–1280|
|10.||Sharpa Jamyang Rinchen Gyaltsen||1258–1306||1288–1297|
|12.||Namkha Legpa Gyaltsen||1305–1343||ca. 1324–1342|
|13.||Jamyang Donyö Gyaltsen||1310–1344||ca. 1342-1344|
|14.||Lama Dampa Sönam Gyaltsen||1312–1375||1344–1347|
|15.||Tawen Lodrö Gyaltsen||1332–1364||1347–1364|
|16.||Tawen Kunga Rinchen||1339–1399||ca. 1364-1399|
|17.||Lopön Chenpo Gushri Lodrö Gyaltsen||1366–1420||1399–1420|
|18.||Jamyang Namkha Gyaltsen||1398–1472||1421–1441|
|20.||Gyagar Sherab Gyaltsen||1436–1494||1463–1472|
|21.||Dagchen Lodrö Gyaltsen||1444–1495||1473–1495|
|22.||Kunga Sönam (22nd Sakya Trizin)|Kunga Sönam||1485–1533||1496–1533 }|
|23.||Ngagchang Kunga Rinchen||1517–1584||1534–1584|
|24.||Jamyang Sönam Sangpo||1519–1621||1584–1589|
|26.||Ngawang Kunga Wangyal||1592–1620||1618–1620|
|27.||Ngawang Kunga Sönam||1597–1659||1620–1659|
|28.||Ngawang Sönam Wangchuk||1638–1685||1659–1685|
|29.||Ngawang Kunga Tashi||1656–1711||1685–1711|
|33.||Pema Dudul Wangchuk||1792–1853||1806–1843|
|38.||Dzamling Chegu Wangdu||1855–1919||1901–1915|
|39.||Dragshul Trinle Rinchen||1871–1936||1915–1936|
|40.||Ngawang Thutob Wangdrag||1900–1950||1937–1950|
|41.||Ngawang Kunga Tegchen Palbar||* 1945||1951–|