The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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- See also:Samadhi
Wherever in the texts this term is not differentiated by 'right' or 'wrong', there 'right' concentration is meant .
In concentration one distinguishes 3 grades of intensity:
- (1) 'Preparatory concentration' (parikamma-samādhi) existing at the beginning of the mental exercise.
- (2) 'Neighborhood concentration' (upacāra-samādhi), i.e. concentration 'approaching' but not yet attaining the 1st absorption (jhāna), which in certain mental exercises is marked by the appearance of the so-called 'counter-image' (patibhāga-nimitta).
- (3) 'Attainment concentration' (appanā-samādhi), i.e. that concentration which is present during the absorptions. (App.)
Further details, s. bhāvana, Vis.M. III and Fund. IV.
- (2) knowledge and vision (ñāna-dassana) - here probably identical with the 'divine eye' (s. abhiññā) through perception of light (kasina);
- (3) mindfulness and clear comprehension through the clear knowledge of the arising, persisting and vanishing of feelings, perceptions and thoughts;
- (4) extinction of all cankers (āsavakkhaya) through understanding the arising and passing away of the 5 groups forming the objects of clinging (s. khandha).