The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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- See also :
- See also :
is the name of one of three scriptural and lineage divisions within Atiyoga, Dzogchen or the Great Perfection which is itself the pinnacle of the ninefold division of practice according to the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.
They are related to the 'Three statements of Prahevajra.
It is important to note that the three series do not represent different schools of Dzogchen practice as much as different approaches to the same goal, that being the basic, natural, and primordial state.
As is common throughout much Buddhist literature, Tibetan Buddhism in particular, gradations in the faculties of practitioners are also ascribed to the three divisions, they being seen as appropriate for practitioners of low, middling, and high faculties, respectively.
Germano (2005: p.12) states that:
They begin with a collection of quite short texts known as The Eighteen Texts of the Mind Series (Sems sde bco brgyad), and then subsequently proliferate into a large family of texts spawned by the original collection’s expansion, modification, and so forth, culminating in a series of texts centered on The All-Creating King (Kun byed rgyal po).
Most of the resultant sub-divisions of the Mind Series rubric have names based upon geographical regions, clans, or individual founders. Padmasambhava (eighth century) does not figure prominently – if at all – in these early Great Perfection traditions; rather, Śrīsiṁha (eighth century),
Dga’ rab rdo rje (seventh century?), and Vimalamitra (eighth-ninth century) are the main Indian figures cited as involved in their authorship, redaction, transmission, and translation. (NB: original text not meta-enhanced.)
Distinguishing Features of the Mind Division
As the Mind Division is related to the first statement of Prahevajra, Semde texts emphasize the direct introduction to the natural state of mind, including explanations of this state and methods for recognizing it.
Texts of the Mind Division
- 1. 'Cuckoo of Presence' or Rigpa'i Khuchug (Tibetan: རིག་པའི་ཁུ་བྱུག, Wylie: rig pa'i khu byug)
- 2. 'Great Potency' or Tsalchen Trugpa (Tibetan: རྩལ་ཆེན་སྤྲུག་པ, Wylie: rtsal chen sprug pa)
- 3. 'Great Garuda in Flight' or Khyungchen Dingwa (Tibetan: ཁྱུང་ཆེན་ལྡིང་བ, Wylie: khyung chen lding ba)
- 4. 'Refining Gold from Ore' or Dola Serzhun (Tibetan: རྡོ་ལ་གསེར་ཞུན, Wylie: rdo la gser zhun)
- 6. Tsemo Chung-gyal (Supreme Peak) (Tibetan: རྩེ་མོ་བྱུང་རྒྱལ, Wylie: rtse mo byung rgyal)
- 7. Namkha'i Gyalpo (King of Space) (Tibetan: རྣམ་ མཁའི་རྒྱལ་ རྒྱལ་པོ, Wylie: rnam mkha'i rgyal po)
- 8. Dewa Thrulkod (Jewel-Encrusted Bliss Ornament) (Tibetan: བདེ་བ་འཕྲུལ་བཀོད, Wylie: bde ba 'phrul bkod)
- 9. Dzogpa Chiching (All-Encompassing Perfection) (Tibetan: རྫོགས་པ་སྤྱི་ཆིངས, Wylie: rdzogs pa spyi chings)
- 10. Changchub Semtig (Essence of Bodhicitta) (Tibetan: བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་ཏིག, Wylie: byang chub sems tig)
- 11. Dewa Rabjam (Infinite Bliss) (Tibetan: བདེ་བ་རབ་འབྱམས, Wylie: bde ba rab 'byams)
- 12. Sog-gi Khorlo (Wheel of Life) (Tibetan: སྲོག་གི་འཁོར་ལ, Wylie: srog gi 'khor lo)
- 13. Thigle Trugpa (Six Spheres) (Wylie: thig le drug pa)
- 17. Jetsun Tampa (Supreme Lord) (Tibetan: རྗེ་བཙན་དམ་པ་, Wylie: rje btsan dam pa)
- 18. Gonpa Tontrub (The Realization of the True Meaning of Meditation) (Tibetan: སྒོམ་པ་དོན་གྲུབ, Wylie: sgom pa don grub)
- 19. Kulayarāja Tantra (Tib. Kunjed Gyalpo) (The All-Creating King) ()
- 20. Medchung Gyalpo (Wonderous King) ()
- 21. Dochu (The Ten Concluding Teachings) ()
Another listing drawn from The Lotus Born is:
- 1. All-embodying Jewel Scripture - (rin chen kun 'dus kyi lung)
- 2. All-encompassing Bliss Scripture - (bde ba rab 'byams kyi lung)
- 3. Awareness Cuckoo Scripture - (rig pa khu byug gi lung)
- 4. Epitome of Teachings Scripture - (bka' lung gi spyi chings)
- 5. Great Garuda View Scripture - (lta ba khyung chen gyi lung)
- 6. Great Space King Scripture - (nam mkha' che rgyal po'i lung)
- 7. Great Space Never Waning Banner Scripture - (mi nub rgyal mtshan nam mkha' che'i lung)
- 8. Great Strength of Awareness Scripture - (rig pa rtsal chen gyi lung)
- 9. Jewel Studded Bliss Scripture - (bde ba phra bkod kyi lung)
- 10. Meditation Accomplishment Scripture - (bsgom don grub pa'i lung)
- 14. Supreme King Scripture - (rje btsan dam pa'i lung)
- 15. Variegated Great Treasury Scripture - (sna tshogs gter chen gyi lung)
- 16. Wheel of Life Scripture - (srog gi 'khor lo'i lung)
- 17. Wishfulfilling Jewel Scripture - (yi bzhin nor bu'i lung)
- 18. Wonderful Wisdom Scripture - (ye shes rmad du byung ba'i lung)
The next thirteen were translated primarily by Vimalamitra.
One feature of the Semde system is four yogas
These parallel the Four Yogas of Mahamudra.