The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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The literal meaning is "small śramaṇa," that is, small renunciate, where "small" has the meaning of boy or girl.
Śrāmaṇeras and śrāmaṇerīs keep the ten precepts as their code of behaviour, and are devoted to the Buddhist religious life during a break from secular schooling, or in conjunction with it if devoted to formal ordination.